Formatted question description: https://leetcode.ca/all/1456.html

1456. Maximum Number of Vowels in a Substring of Given Length (Medium)

Given a string s and an integer k.

Return the maximum number of vowel letters in any substring of s with length k.

Vowel letters in English are (a, e, i, o, u).

 

Example 1:

Input: s = "abciiidef", k = 3
Output: 3
Explanation: The substring "iii" contains 3 vowel letters.

Example 2:

Input: s = "aeiou", k = 2
Output: 2
Explanation: Any substring of length 2 contains 2 vowels.

Example 3:

Input: s = "leetcode", k = 3
Output: 2
Explanation: "lee", "eet" and "ode" contain 2 vowels.

Example 4:

Input: s = "rhythms", k = 4
Output: 0
Explanation: We can see that s doesn't have any vowel letters.

Example 5:

Input: s = "tryhard", k = 4
Output: 1

 

Constraints:

  • 1 <= s.length <= 10^5
  • s consists of lowercase English letters.
  • 1 <= k <= s.length

Related Topics:
String, Sliding Window

Solution 1. Sliding window

We keep a sliding window of size k. Let i be the index of the new element getting into the window. We increment cnt if s[i] is vowel.

If i >= k, we need to pop s[i - k] out of the window and decrement cnt if s[i - k] is vowel. The answer is the maximum cnt.

// OJ: https://leetcode.com/problems/maximum-number-of-vowels-in-a-substring-of-given-length/

// Time: O(N)
// Space: O(1)
class Solution {
    bool isVowel(char c) {
        return c == 'a' || c == 'e' || c == 'i' || c == 'o' || c == 'u';
    }
public:
    int maxVowels(string s, int k) {
        int cnt = 0, ans = 0;
        for (int i = 0; i < s.size(); ++i) {
            if (i >= k) cnt -= isVowel(s[i - k]);
            cnt += isVowel(s[i]);
            ans = max(ans, cnt);
        }
        return ans;
    }
};

Java

  • class Solution {
        public int maxVowels(String s, int k) {
            int count = 0;
            int length = s.length();
            if (k > length)
                return 0;
            for (int i = 0; i < k; i++) {
                if (isVowel(s.charAt(i)))
                    count++;
            }
            int maxCount = count;
            for (int i = k; i < length; i++) {
                char prevC = s.charAt(i - k), currC = s.charAt(i);
                if (isVowel(prevC))
                    count--;
                if (isVowel(currC))
                    count++;
                maxCount = Math.max(maxCount, count);
            }
            return maxCount;
        }
    
        public boolean isVowel(char c) {
            return c == 'a' || c == 'e' || c == 'i' || c == 'o' || c == 'u';
        }
    }
    
  • // OJ: https://leetcode.com/problems/maximum-number-of-vowels-in-a-substring-of-given-length/
    // Time: O(N)
    // Space: O(1)
    class Solution {
        bool isVowel(char c) {
            return c == 'a' || c == 'e' || c == 'i' || c == 'o' || c == 'u';
        }
    public:
        int maxVowels(string s, int k) {
            int cnt = 0, ans = 0;
            for (int i = 0; i < s.size(); ++i) {
                if (i >= k) cnt -= isVowel(s[i - k]);
                cnt += isVowel(s[i]);
                ans = max(ans, cnt);
            }
            return ans;
        }
    };
    
  • print("Todo!")
    

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