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Formatted question description: https://leetcode.ca/all/979.html

979. Distribute Coins in Binary Tree (Medium)

Given the root of a binary tree with N nodes, each node in the tree has node.val coins, and there are N coins total.

In one move, we may choose two adjacent nodes and move one coin from one node to another.  (The move may be from parent to child, or from child to parent.)

Return the number of moves required to make every node have exactly one coin.

 

Example 1:

Input: [3,0,0]
Output: 2
Explanation: From the root of the tree, we move one coin to its left child, and one coin to its right child.

Example 2:

Input: [0,3,0]
Output: 3
Explanation: From the left child of the root, we move two coins to the root [taking two moves].  Then, we move one coin from the root of the tree to the right child.

Example 3:

Input: [1,0,2]
Output: 2

Example 4:

Input: [1,0,0,null,3]
Output: 4

 

Note:

  1. 1<= N <= 100
  2. 0 <= node.val <= N

Companies:
Google, Amazon

Related Topics:
Tree, Depth-first Search

Similar Questions:

Solution 1.

  • /**
     * Definition for a binary tree node.
     * public class TreeNode {
     *     int val;
     *     TreeNode left;
     *     TreeNode right;
     *     TreeNode(int x) { val = x; }
     * }
     */
    class Solution {
        public int distributeCoins(TreeNode root) {
            int moves = 0;
            List<TreeNode> list = new ArrayList<TreeNode>();
            Queue<TreeNode> queue = new LinkedList<TreeNode>();
            queue.offer(root);
            while (!queue.isEmpty()) {
                TreeNode node = queue.poll();
                list.add(node);
                TreeNode left = node.left, right = node.right;
                if (left != null)
                    queue.offer(left);
                if (right != null)
                    queue.offer(right);
            }
            for (int i = list.size() - 1; i >= 0; i--) {
                TreeNode node = list.get(i);
                TreeNode left = node.left, right = node.right;
                if (left != null) {
                    int leftVal = left.val;
                    int difference = leftVal - 1;
                    left.val -= difference;
                    node.val += difference;
                    moves += Math.abs(difference);
                }
                if (right != null) {
                    int rightVal = right.val;
                    int difference = rightVal - 1;
                    right.val -= difference;
                    node.val += difference;
                    moves += Math.abs(difference);
                }
            }
            return moves;
        }
    }
    
    ############
    
    /**
     * Definition for a binary tree node.
     * public class TreeNode {
     *     int val;
     *     TreeNode left;
     *     TreeNode right;
     *     TreeNode() {}
     *     TreeNode(int val) { this.val = val; }
     *     TreeNode(int val, TreeNode left, TreeNode right) {
     *         this.val = val;
     *         this.left = left;
     *         this.right = right;
     *     }
     * }
     */
    class Solution {
        private int ans;
    
        public int distributeCoins(TreeNode root) {
            dfs(root);
            return ans;
        }
    
        private int dfs(TreeNode root) {
            if (root == null) {
                return 0;
            }
            int left = dfs(root.left);
            int right = dfs(root.right);
            ans += Math.abs(left) + Math.abs(right);
            return left + right + root.val - 1;
        }
    }
    
  • // OJ: https://leetcode.com/problems/distribute-coins-in-binary-tree/
    // Time: O(N)
    // Space: O(H)
    class Solution {
    private:
        int ans = 0;
        int postorder(TreeNode *root) {
            if (!root) return 0;
            int move = 1 - root->val + postorder(root->left) + postorder(root->right);
            ans += abs(move);
            return move;
        }
    public:
        int distributeCoins(TreeNode* root) {
            postorder(root);
            return ans;
        }
    };
    
  • # Definition for a binary tree node.
    # class TreeNode:
    #     def __init__(self, val=0, left=None, right=None):
    #         self.val = val
    #         self.left = left
    #         self.right = right
    class Solution:
        def distributeCoins(self, root: TreeNode) -> int:
            def dfs(root):
                nonlocal ans
                if root is None:
                    return 0
                left, right = dfs(root.left), dfs(root.right)
                ans += abs(left) + abs(right)
                return left + right + root.val - 1
    
            ans = 0
            dfs(root)
            return ans
    
    ############
    
    # 979. Distribute Coins in Binary Tree
    # https://leetcode.com/problems/distribute-coins-in-binary-tree/
    
    # Definition for a binary tree node.
    # class TreeNode:
    #     def __init__(self, val=0, left=None, right=None):
    #         self.val = val
    #         self.left = left
    #         self.right = right
    class Solution:
        def distributeCoins(self, root: Optional[TreeNode]) -> int:
            res = 0
            
            def go(node):
                nonlocal res
                
                if not node: return 0
                
                left, right = go(node.left), go(node.right)
                coins = left + right + node.val
                res += abs(coins - 1)
                return coins - 1
            
            go(root)
            return res
    
    
  • /**
     * Definition for a binary tree node.
     * type TreeNode struct {
     *     Val int
     *     Left *TreeNode
     *     Right *TreeNode
     * }
     */
    func distributeCoins(root *TreeNode) (ans int) {
    	var dfs func(*TreeNode) int
    	dfs = func(root *TreeNode) int {
    		if root == nil {
    			return 0
    		}
    		left, right := dfs(root.Left), dfs(root.Right)
    		ans += abs(left) + abs(right)
    		return left + right + root.Val - 1
    	}
    	dfs(root)
    	return
    }
    
    func abs(x int) int {
    	if x < 0 {
    		return -x
    	}
    	return x
    }
    
  • /**
     * Definition for a binary tree node.
     * class TreeNode {
     *     val: number
     *     left: TreeNode | null
     *     right: TreeNode | null
     *     constructor(val?: number, left?: TreeNode | null, right?: TreeNode | null) {
     *         this.val = (val===undefined ? 0 : val)
     *         this.left = (left===undefined ? null : left)
     *         this.right = (right===undefined ? null : right)
     *     }
     * }
     */
    
    function distributeCoins(root: TreeNode | null): number {
        let ans = 0;
        const dfs = (root: TreeNode | null) => {
            if (!root) {
                return 0;
            }
            const left = dfs(root.left);
            const right = dfs(root.right);
            ans += Math.abs(left) + Math.abs(right);
            return left + right + root.val - 1;
        };
        dfs(root);
        return ans;
    }
    
    

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