# 2951. Find the Peaks

## Description

You are given a 0-indexed array mountain. Your task is to find all the peaks in the mountain array.

Return an array that consists of indices of peaks in the given array in any order.

Notes:

• A peak is defined as an element that is strictly greater than its neighboring elements.
• The first and last elements of the array are not a peak.

Example 1:

Input: mountain = [2,4,4]
Output: []
Explanation: mountain[0] and mountain[2] can not be a peak because they are first and last elements of the array.
mountain[1] also can not be a peak because it is not strictly greater than mountain[2].


Example 2:

Input: mountain = [1,4,3,8,5]
Output: [1,3]
Explanation: mountain[0] and mountain[4] can not be a peak because they are first and last elements of the array.
mountain[2] also can not be a peak because it is not strictly greater than mountain[3] and mountain[1].
But mountain [1] and mountain[3] are strictly greater than their neighboring elements.


Constraints:

• 3 <= mountain.length <= 100
• 1 <= mountain[i] <= 100

## Solutions

Solution 1: Direct Traversal

We directly traverse the index $i \in [1, n-2]$. For each index $i$, if $mountain[i-1] < mountain[i]$ and $mountain[i + 1] < mountain[i]$, then $mountain[i]$ is a peak, and we add index $i$ to the answer array.

After the traversal ends, we return the answer array.

The time complexity is $O(n)$, where $n$ is the length of the array. Ignoring the space consumption of the answer array, the space complexity is $O(1)$.

• class Solution {
public List<Integer> findPeaks(int[] mountain) {
List<Integer> ans = new ArrayList<>();
for (int i = 1; i < mountain.length - 1; ++i) {
if (mountain[i - 1] < mountain[i] && mountain[i + 1] < mountain[i]) {
}
}
return ans;
}
}

• class Solution {
public:
vector<int> findPeaks(vector<int>& mountain) {
vector<int> ans;
for (int i = 1; i < mountain.size() - 1; ++i) {
if (mountain[i - 1] < mountain[i] && mountain[i + 1] < mountain[i]) {
ans.push_back(i);
}
}
return ans;
}
};

• class Solution:
def findPeaks(self, mountain: List[int]) -> List[int]:
return [
i
for i in range(1, len(mountain) - 1)
if mountain[i - 1] < mountain[i] > mountain[i + 1]
]


• func findPeaks(mountain []int) (ans []int) {
for i := 1; i < len(mountain)-1; i++ {
if mountain[i-1] < mountain[i] && mountain[i+1] < mountain[i] {
ans = append(ans, i)
}
}
return
}

• function findPeaks(mountain: number[]): number[] {
const ans: number[] = [];
for (let i = 1; i < mountain.length - 1; ++i) {
if (mountain[i - 1] < mountain[i] && mountain[i + 1] < mountain[i]) {
ans.push(i);
}
}
return ans;
}