Formatted question description: https://leetcode.ca/all/1971.html

1971. Find if Path Exists in Graph

Level

Easy

Description

There is a bi-directional graph with n vertices, where each vertex is labeled from 0 to n - 1 (inclusive). The edges in the graph are represented as a 2D integer array edges, where each edges[i] = [u_i, v_i] denotes a bi-directional edge between vertex u_i and vertex v_i. Every vertex pair is connected by at most one edge, and no vertex has an edge to itself.

You want to determine if there is a valid path that exists from vertex start to vertex end.

Given edges and the integers n, start, and end, return true if there is a valid path from start to end, or false otherwise.

Example 1:

Image text

Input: n = 3, edges = [[0,1],[1,2],[2,0]], start = 0, end = 2

Output: true

Explanation: There are two paths from vertex 0 to vertex 2:

  • 0 → 1 → 2
  • 0 → 2

Example 2:

Image text

Input: n = 6, edges = [[0,1],[0,2],[3,5],[5,4],[4,3]], start = 0, end = 5

Output: false

Explanation: There is no path from vertex 0 to vertex 5.

Constraints:

  • 1 <= n <= 2 * 10^5
  • 0 <= edges.length <= 2 * 10^5
  • edges[i].length == 2
  • 1 <= u_i, v_i <= n - 1
  • u_i != v_i
  • 1 <= start, end <= n - 1
  • There are no duplicate edges.
  • There are no self edges.

Solution

Use hash map to store each vertex’s adjacent vertices. Then do breadth first search starting from vertex start. If end can be reached, return true. Otherwise, return false.

class Solution {
    public boolean validPath(int n, int[][] edges, int start, int end) {
        Map<Integer, List<Integer>> map = new HashMap<Integer, List<Integer>>();
        for (int[] edge : edges) {
            int node0 = edge[0], node1 = edge[1];
            List<Integer> list0 = map.getOrDefault(node0, new ArrayList<Integer>());
            List<Integer> list1 = map.getOrDefault(node1, new ArrayList<Integer>());
            list0.add(node1);
            list1.add(node0);
            map.put(node0, list0);
            map.put(node1, list1);
        }
        boolean[] visited = new boolean[n];
        Queue<Integer> queue = new LinkedList<Integer>();
        visited[start] = true;
        queue.offer(start);
        while (!queue.isEmpty()) {
            int node = queue.poll();
            if (node == end)
                return true;
            List<Integer> list = map.getOrDefault(node, new ArrayList<Integer>());
            for (int next : list) {
                if (!visited[next]) {
                    visited[next] = true;
                    queue.offer(next);
                }
            }
        }
        return false;
    }
}

All Problems

All Solutions