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Formatted question description: https://leetcode.ca/all/1696.html

# 1696. Jump Game VI (Medium)

You are given a 0-indexed integer array nums and an integer k.

You are initially standing at index 0. In one move, you can jump at most k steps forward without going outside the boundaries of the array. That is, you can jump from index i to any index in the range [i + 1, min(n - 1, i + k)] inclusive.

You want to reach the last index of the array (index n - 1). Your score is the sum of all nums[j] for each index j you visited in the array.

Return the maximum score you can get.

Example 1:

Input: nums = [1,-1,-2,4,-7,3], k = 2
Output: 7
Explanation: You can choose your jumps forming the subsequence [1,-1,4,3] (underlined above). The sum is 7.


Example 2:

Input: nums = [10,-5,-2,4,0,3], k = 3
Output: 17
Explanation: You can choose your jumps forming the subsequence [10,4,3] (underlined above). The sum is 17.


Example 3:

Input: nums = [1,-5,-20,4,-1,3,-6,-3], k = 2
Output: 0


Constraints:

•  1 <= nums.length, k <= 105
• -104 <= nums[i] <= 104

Related Topics:
Dequeue

Similar Questions:

## Solution 1. Mono-queue + DP

For A[i], we can choose the greatest value we can get among A[j] where max(0, i - k) <= j < i.

So we can memoize the results using a dp array where dp[i] is the maximum score we can get jumping from A to A[i].

dp[i] = A[i] + max( dp[j] | max(0, i - k) <= j < i )
dp = A


For the part calculating max value, doing it in a brute force manner will take O(K) time and result in TLE. We can use mono-queue to reduce the time complexity to amortized O(1).

Since we are looking for the maximum value in a range, we can use a decreasing mono-queue.

// OJ: https://leetcode.com/problems/jump-game-vi/
// Time: O(N)
// Space: O(N)
class Solution {
public:
int maxResult(vector<int>& A, int k) {
int N = A.size();
vector<long> dp(N, INT_MIN);
dp = A;
deque<int> q;
q.push_back(0);
for (int i = 1; i < N; ++i) {
dp[i] = A[i] + dp[q.front()]; // dp[q.front()] is the maximum dp value in range.
if (q.size() && q.front() <= i - k) q.pop_front(); // pop the front element because it goes out of range.
while (q.size() && dp[q.back()] <= dp[i]) q.pop_back(); // pop the elements that are smaller than or equal to dp[i] out of the queue.
q.push_back(i);
}
return dp[N - 1];
}
};

• class Solution {
public int maxResult(int[] nums, int k) {
int length = nums.length;
int[] dp = new int[length];
dp = nums;
int max = nums;
int firstMaxIndex = Math.min(length - 1, k);
for (int i = 1; i <= firstMaxIndex; i++) {
dp[i] = max + nums[i];
max = Math.max(max, dp[i]);
}
for (int i = 1; i <= firstMaxIndex; i++) {
int sum = dp[i];
while (!deque.isEmpty() && dp[deque.getLast()] < sum)
deque.removeLast();
deque.offerLast(i);
}
for (int i = firstMaxIndex + 1; i < length; i++) {
if (!deque.isEmpty() && deque.getFirst() == i - k - 1)
deque.pollFirst();
int num = nums[i];
int sum = dp[deque.peekFirst()] + num;
dp[i] = sum;
while (!deque.isEmpty() && dp[deque.peekLast()] < sum)
deque.pollLast();
deque.offerLast(i);
}
return dp[length - 1];
}
}

############

class Solution {
public int maxResult(int[] nums, int k) {
int n = nums.length;
int[] f = new int[n];
Deque<Integer> q = new ArrayDeque<>();
q.offer(0);
for (int i = 0; i < n; ++i) {
if (i - q.peekFirst() > k) {
q.pollFirst();
}
f[i] = nums[i] + f[q.peekFirst()];
while (!q.isEmpty() && f[q.peekLast()] <= f[i]) {
q.pollLast();
}
q.offerLast(i);
}
return f[n - 1];
}
}

• // OJ: https://leetcode.com/problems/jump-game-vi/
// Time: O(N)
// Space: O(N)
class Solution {
public:
int maxResult(vector<int>& A, int k) {
int N = A.size();
vector<int> dp(N);
dp = A;
deque<int> q{0};
for (int i = 1; i < N; ++i) {
if (q.front() < i - k) q.pop_front(); // pop the front element if it goes out of range
dp[i] = A[i] + dp[q.front()]; // dp[q.front()] is the maximum dp value in range.
while (q.size() && dp[q.back()] <= dp[i]) q.pop_back(); // pop the elements that are smaller than or equal to dp[i] out of the queue.
q.push_back(i);
}
return dp[N - 1];
}
};

• class Solution:
def maxResult(self, nums: List[int], k: int) -> int:
n = len(nums)
f =  * n
q = deque()
for i in range(n):
if i - q > k:
q.popleft()
f[i] = nums[i] + f[q]
while q and f[q[-1]] <= f[i]:
q.pop()
q.append(i)
return f[-1]

############

# 1696. Jump Game VI
# https://leetcode.com/problems/jump-game-vi/

class Solution:
def maxResult(self, nums: List[int], k: int) -> int:
n = len(nums)
curr = 0
deq = collections.deque()

for i in range(n-1,-1,-1):
curr = nums[i] + (nums[deq] if deq else 0)

while (deq and curr > nums[deq[-1]]):
deq.pop()

deq.append(i)

if deq >= (i + k):
deq.popleft()

nums[i] = curr

return curr

• func maxResult(nums []int, k int) int {
n := len(nums)
f := make([]int, n)
q := []int{0}
for i, v := range nums {
if i-q > k {
q = q[1:]
}
f[i] = v + f[q]
for len(q) > 0 && f[q[len(q)-1]] <= f[i] {
q = q[:len(q)-1]
}
q = append(q, i)
}
return f[n-1]
}