## Description

Formatted question description: https://leetcode.ca/all/1651.html

LeetCode Problem 1651.

Table: Drivers

+-------------+---------+
| Column Name | Type    |
+-------------+---------+
| driver_id   | int     |
| join_date   | date    |
+-------------+---------+
driver_id is the primary key for this table.
Each row of this table contains the driver's ID and the date they joined the Hopper company.


Table: Rides

+--------------+---------+
| Column Name  | Type    |
+--------------+---------+
| ride_id      | int     |
| user_id      | int     |
| requested_at | date    |
+--------------+---------+
ride_id is the primary key for this table.
Each row of this table contains the ID of a ride, the user's ID that requested it, and the day they requested it.
There may be some ride requests in this table that were not accepted.


Table: AcceptedRides

+---------------+---------+
| Column Name   | Type    |
+---------------+---------+
| ride_id       | int     |
| driver_id     | int     |
| ride_distance | int     |
| ride_duration | int     |
+---------------+---------+
ride_id is the primary key for this table.
Each row of this table contains some information about an accepted ride.
It is guaranteed that each accepted ride exists in the Rides table.


Write an SQL query to compute the average_ride_distance and average_ride_duration of every 3-month window starting from January - March 2020 to October - December 2020. Round average_ride_distance and average_ride_duration to the nearest two decimal places.

The average_ride_distance is calculated by summing up the total ride_distance values from the three months and dividing it by 3. The average_ride_duration is calculated in a similar way.

Return the result table ordered by month in ascending order, where month is the starting month’s number (January is 1, February is 2, etc.).

The query result format is in the following example.

Drivers table:
+-----------+------------+
| driver_id | join_date  |
+-----------+------------+
| 10        | 2019-12-10 |
| 8         | 2020-1-13  |
| 5         | 2020-2-16  |
| 7         | 2020-3-8   |
| 4         | 2020-5-17  |
| 1         | 2020-10-24 |
| 6         | 2021-1-5   |
+-----------+------------+

Rides table:
+---------+---------+--------------+
| ride_id | user_id | requested_at |
+---------+---------+--------------+
| 6       | 75      | 2019-12-9    |
| 1       | 54      | 2020-2-9     |
| 10      | 63      | 2020-3-4     |
| 19      | 39      | 2020-4-6     |
| 3       | 41      | 2020-6-3     |
| 13      | 52      | 2020-6-22    |
| 7       | 69      | 2020-7-16    |
| 17      | 70      | 2020-8-25    |
| 20      | 81      | 2020-11-2    |
| 5       | 57      | 2020-11-9    |
| 2       | 42      | 2020-12-9    |
| 11      | 68      | 2021-1-11    |
| 15      | 32      | 2021-1-17    |
| 12      | 11      | 2021-1-19    |
| 14      | 18      | 2021-1-27    |
+---------+---------+--------------+

AcceptedRides table:
+---------+-----------+---------------+---------------+
| ride_id | driver_id | ride_distance | ride_duration |
+---------+-----------+---------------+---------------+
| 10      | 10        | 63            | 38            |
| 13      | 10        | 73            | 96            |
| 7       | 8         | 100           | 28            |
| 17      | 7         | 119           | 68            |
| 20      | 1         | 121           | 92            |
| 5       | 7         | 42            | 101           |
| 2       | 4         | 6             | 38            |
| 11      | 8         | 37            | 43            |
| 15      | 8         | 108           | 82            |
| 12      | 8         | 38            | 34            |
| 14      | 1         | 90            | 74            |
+---------+-----------+---------------+---------------+

Result table:
+-------+-----------------------+-----------------------+
| month | average_ride_distance | average_ride_duration |
+-------+-----------------------+-----------------------+
| 1     | 21.00                 | 12.67                 |
| 2     | 21.00                 | 12.67                 |
| 3     | 21.00                 | 12.67                 |
| 4     | 24.33                 | 32.00                 |
| 5     | 57.67                 | 41.33                 |
| 6     | 97.33                 | 64.00                 |
| 7     | 73.00                 | 32.00                 |
| 8     | 39.67                 | 22.67                 |
| 9     | 54.33                 | 64.33                 |
| 10    | 56.33                 | 77.00                 |
+-------+-----------------------+-----------------------+

By the end of January --> average_ride_distance = (0+0+63)/3=21, average_ride_duration = (0+0+38)/3=12.67
By the end of February --> average_ride_distance = (0+63+0)/3=21, average_ride_duration = (0+38+0)/3=12.67
By the end of March --> average_ride_distance = (63+0+0)/3=21, average_ride_duration = (38+0+0)/3=12.67
By the end of April --> average_ride_distance = (0+0+73)/3=24.33, average_ride_duration = (0+0+96)/3=32.00
By the end of May --> average_ride_distance = (0+73+100)/3=57.67, average_ride_duration = (0+96+28)/3=41.33
By the end of June --> average_ride_distance = (73+100+119)/3=97.33, average_ride_duration = (96+28+68)/3=64.00
By the end of July --> average_ride_distance = (100+119+0)/3=73.00, average_ride_duration = (28+68+0)/3=32.00
By the end of August --> average_ride_distance = (119+0+0)/3=39.67, average_ride_duration = (68+0+0)/3=22.67
By the end of Septemeber --> average_ride_distance = (0+0+163)/3=54.33, average_ride_duration = (0+0+193)/3=64.33
By the end of October --> average_ride_distance = (0+163+6)/3=56.33, average_ride_duration = (0+193+38)/3=77.00


## Solution

First, select the total of ride_distance and ride_duration of each month from Rides left join AcceptedRides. Next, calculate each 3-month window’s average_ride_distance and average_ride_duration.

# Write your MySQL query statement below
with A as (select m.month as month, ifnull(sum(ride_distance), 0) dis, ifnull(sum(ride_duration), 0) dur from (
select 1 as month union select 2 union select 3 union select 4 union select 5 union select 6 union select 7 union select 8 union select 9 union select 10 union select 11 union select 12
) m left join Rides r on m.month = month(r.requested_at) and year(requested_at) = 2020
left join AcceptedRides ar on r.ride_id = ar.ride_id
group by m.month)
select a1.month as month,
round((a1.dis + a2.dis + a3.dis) / 3, 2) as average_ride_distance,
round((a1.dur + a2.dur + a3.dur) / 3, 2) as average_ride_duration
from A a1 join A a2 on a1.month + 1 = a2.month join A a3 on a2.month + 1 = a3.month
where a1.month <= 10;


Or,

select month,
coalesce(round(sum(ride_distance)/3,2),0) as average_ride_distance,
coalesce(round(sum(ride_duration)/3,2),0) as average_ride_duration
from
(
select months.month, ride_id
from Rides
right join
(
select "2020-1-1" as start, "2020-3-31" as last, 1 as month
union select "2020-2-1", "2020-4-30", 2
union select "2020-3-1", "2020-5-31", 3
union select "2020-4-1", "2020-6-30", 4
union select "2020-5-1", "2020-7-31", 5
union select "2020-6-1", "2020-8-31", 6
union select "2020-7-1", "2020-9-30", 7
union select "2020-8-1", "2020-10-31", 8
union select "2020-9-1", "2020-11-30", 9
union select "2020-10-1", "2020-12-31", 10
) as months
on months.start <= requested_at and months.last >= requested_at
) total
left join AcceptedRides as a
on total.ride_id=a.ride_id
group by month
order by month