1585. Check If String Is Transformable With Substring Sort Operations

Description

Given two strings s and t, transform string s into string t using the following operation any number of times:

• Choose a non-empty substring in s and sort it in place so the characters are in ascending order.
• For example, applying the operation on the underlined substring in "14234" results in "12344".

Return true if it is possible to transform s into t. Otherwise, return false.

A substring is a contiguous sequence of characters within a string.

Example 1:

Input: s = "84532", t = "34852"
Output: true
Explanation: You can transform s into t using the following sort operations:
"84532" (from index 2 to 3) -> "84352"
"84352" (from index 0 to 2) -> "34852"


Example 2:

Input: s = "34521", t = "23415"
Output: true
Explanation: You can transform s into t using the following sort operations:
"34521" -> "23451"
"23451" -> "23415"


Example 3:

Input: s = "12345", t = "12435"
Output: false


Constraints:

• s.length == t.length
• 1 <= s.length <= 105
• s and t consist of only digits.

Solutions

• class Solution {
public boolean isTransformable(String s, String t) {
Deque<Integer>[] pos = new Deque[10];
Arrays.setAll(pos, k -> new ArrayDeque<>());
for (int i = 0; i < s.length(); ++i) {
pos[s.charAt(i) - '0'].offer(i);
}
for (int i = 0; i < t.length(); ++i) {
int x = t.charAt(i) - '0';
if (pos[x].isEmpty()) {
return false;
}
for (int j = 0; j < x; ++j) {
if (!pos[j].isEmpty() && pos[j].peek() < pos[x].peek()) {
return false;
}
}
pos[x].poll();
}
return true;
}
}

• class Solution {
public:
bool isTransformable(string s, string t) {
queue<int> pos[10];
for (int i = 0; i < s.size(); ++i) {
pos[s[i] - '0'].push(i);
}
for (char& c : t) {
int x = c - '0';
if (pos[x].empty()) {
return false;
}
for (int j = 0; j < x; ++j) {
if (!pos[j].empty() && pos[j].front() < pos[x].front()) {
return false;
}
}
pos[x].pop();
}
return true;
}
};

• class Solution:
def isTransformable(self, s: str, t: str) -> bool:
pos = defaultdict(deque)
for i, c in enumerate(s):
pos[int(c)].append(i)
for c in t:
x = int(c)
if not pos[x] or any(pos[i] and pos[i][0] < pos[x][0] for i in range(x)):
return False
pos[x].popleft()
return True


• func isTransformable(s string, t string) bool {
pos := [10][]int{}
for i, c := range s {
pos[c-'0'] = append(pos[c-'0'], i)
}
for _, c := range t {
x := int(c - '0')
if len(pos[x]) == 0 {
return false
}
for j := 0; j < x; j++ {
if len(pos[j]) > 0 && pos[j][0] < pos[x][0] {
return false
}
}
pos[x] = pos[x][1:]
}
return true
}