# 1348. Tweet Counts Per Frequency

## Description

A social media company is trying to monitor activity on their site by analyzing the number of tweets that occur in select periods of time. These periods can be partitioned into smaller time chunks based on a certain frequency (every minute, hour, or day).

For example, the period [10, 10000] (in seconds) would be partitioned into the following time chunks with these frequencies:

• Every minute (60-second chunks): [10,69], [70,129], [130,189], ..., [9970,10000]
• Every hour (3600-second chunks): [10,3609], [3610,7209], [7210,10000]
• Every day (86400-second chunks): [10,10000]

Notice that the last chunk may be shorter than the specified frequency's chunk size and will always end with the end time of the period (10000 in the above example).

Design and implement an API to help the company with their analysis.

Implement the TweetCounts class:

• TweetCounts() Initializes the TweetCounts object.
• void recordTweet(String tweetName, int time) Stores the tweetName at the recorded time (in seconds).
• List<Integer> getTweetCountsPerFrequency(String freq, String tweetName, int startTime, int endTime) Returns a list of integers representing the number of tweets with tweetName in each time chunk for the given period of time [startTime, endTime] (in seconds) and frequency freq.
• freq is one of "minute", "hour", or "day" representing a frequency of every minute, hour, or day respectively.

Example:

Input
["TweetCounts","recordTweet","recordTweet","recordTweet","getTweetCountsPerFrequency","getTweetCountsPerFrequency","recordTweet","getTweetCountsPerFrequency"]
[[],["tweet3",0],["tweet3",60],["tweet3",10],["minute","tweet3",0,59],["minute","tweet3",0,60],["tweet3",120],["hour","tweet3",0,210]]

Output
[null,null,null,null,[2],[2,1],null,[4]]

Explanation
TweetCounts tweetCounts = new TweetCounts();
tweetCounts.recordTweet("tweet3", 0);                              // New tweet "tweet3" at time 0
tweetCounts.recordTweet("tweet3", 60);                             // New tweet "tweet3" at time 60
tweetCounts.recordTweet("tweet3", 10);                             // New tweet "tweet3" at time 10
tweetCounts.getTweetCountsPerFrequency("minute", "tweet3", 0, 59); // return [2]; chunk [0,59] had 2 tweets
tweetCounts.getTweetCountsPerFrequency("minute", "tweet3", 0, 60); // return [2,1]; chunk [0,59] had 2 tweets, chunk [60,60] had 1 tweet
tweetCounts.recordTweet("tweet3", 120);                            // New tweet "tweet3" at time 120
tweetCounts.getTweetCountsPerFrequency("hour", "tweet3", 0, 210);  // return [4]; chunk [0,210] had 4 tweets

Constraints:

• 0 <= time, startTime, endTime <= 109
• 0 <= endTime - startTime <= 104
• There will be at most 104 calls in total to recordTweet and getTweetCountsPerFrequency.

## Solutions

• class TweetCounts {
private Map<String, TreeMap<Integer, Integer>> data = new HashMap<>();

public TweetCounts() {
}

public void recordTweet(String tweetName, int time) {
data.putIfAbsent(tweetName, new TreeMap<>());
var tm = data.get(tweetName);
tm.put(time, tm.getOrDefault(time, 0) + 1);
}

public List<Integer> getTweetCountsPerFrequency(
String freq, String tweetName, int startTime, int endTime) {
int f = 60;
if ("hour".equals(freq)) {
f = 3600;
} else if ("day".equals(freq)) {
f = 86400;
}
var tm = data.get(tweetName);
List<Integer> ans = new ArrayList<>();
for (int i = startTime; i <= endTime; i += f) {
int s = 0;
int end = Math.min(i + f, endTime + 1);
for (int v : tm.subMap(i, end).values()) {
s += v;
}
}
return ans;
}
}

/**
* Your TweetCounts object will be instantiated and called as such:
* TweetCounts obj = new TweetCounts();
* obj.recordTweet(tweetName,time);
* List<Integer> param_2 = obj.getTweetCountsPerFrequency(freq,tweetName,startTime,endTime);
*/

• class TweetCounts {
public:
TweetCounts() {
}

void recordTweet(string tweetName, int time) {
data[tweetName].insert(time);
}

vector<int> getTweetCountsPerFrequency(string freq, string tweetName, int startTime, int endTime) {
int f = 60;
if (freq == "hour")
f = 3600;
else if (freq == "day")
f = 86400;
vector<int> ans((endTime - startTime) / f + 1);
auto l = data[tweetName].lower_bound(startTime);
auto r = data[tweetName].upper_bound(endTime);
for (; l != r; ++l) {
++ans[(*l - startTime) / f];
}
return ans;
}

private:
unordered_map<string, multiset<int>> data;
};

/**
* Your TweetCounts object will be instantiated and called as such:
* TweetCounts* obj = new TweetCounts();
* obj->recordTweet(tweetName,time);
* vector<int> param_2 = obj->getTweetCountsPerFrequency(freq,tweetName,startTime,endTime);
*/

• from sortedcontainers import SortedList

class TweetCounts:
def __init__(self):
self.d = {"minute": 60, "hour": 3600, "day": 86400}
self.data = defaultdict(SortedList)

def recordTweet(self, tweetName: str, time: int) -> None:

def getTweetCountsPerFrequency(
self, freq: str, tweetName: str, startTime: int, endTime: int
) -> List[int]:
f = self.d[freq]
tweets = self.data[tweetName]
t = startTime
ans = []
while t <= endTime:
l = tweets.bisect_left(t)
r = tweets.bisect_left(min(t + f, endTime + 1))
ans.append(r - l)
t += f
return ans

# Your TweetCounts object will be instantiated and called as such:
# obj = TweetCounts()
# obj.recordTweet(tweetName,time)
# param_2 = obj.getTweetCountsPerFrequency(freq,tweetName,startTime,endTime)