Formatted question description: https://leetcode.ca/all/1342.html

1342. Number of Steps to Reduce a Number to Zero (Easy)

Given a non-negative integer num, return the number of steps to reduce it to zero. If the current number is even, you have to divide it by 2, otherwise, you have to subtract 1 from it.

 

Example 1:

Input: num = 14
Output: 6
Explanation: 
Step 1) 14 is even; divide by 2 and obtain 7. 
Step 2) 7 is odd; subtract 1 and obtain 6.
Step 3) 6 is even; divide by 2 and obtain 3. 
Step 4) 3 is odd; subtract 1 and obtain 2. 
Step 5) 2 is even; divide by 2 and obtain 1. 
Step 6) 1 is odd; subtract 1 and obtain 0.

Example 2:

Input: num = 8
Output: 4
Explanation: 
Step 1) 8 is even; divide by 2 and obtain 4. 
Step 2) 4 is even; divide by 2 and obtain 2. 
Step 3) 2 is even; divide by 2 and obtain 1. 
Step 4) 1 is odd; subtract 1 and obtain 0.

Example 3:

Input: num = 123
Output: 12

 

Constraints:

  • 0 <= num <= 10^6

Related Topics:
Bit Manipulation

Solution 1.

// OJ: https://leetcode.com/problems/number-of-steps-to-reduce-a-number-to-zero/

// Time: O(logN)
// Space: O(1)
class Solution {
public:
    int numberOfSteps (int num) {
        int cnt = 0;
        while (num) {
            cnt++;
            if (num % 2 == 0) num /= 2;
            else num--;
        }
        return cnt;
    }
};

Java

class Solution {
    public int numberOfSteps (int num) {
        int count = 0;
        while (num > 0) {
            if (num % 2 == 0)
                num /= 2;
            else
                num--;
            count++;
        }
        return count;
    }
}

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