1212. Team Scores in Football Tournament

Description

Table: Teams

+---------------+----------+
| Column Name   | Type     |
+---------------+----------+
| team_id       | int      |
| team_name     | varchar  |
+---------------+----------+
team_id is the column with unique values of this table.
Each row of this table represents a single football team.


Table: Matches

+---------------+---------+
| Column Name   | Type    |
+---------------+---------+
| match_id      | int     |
| host_team     | int     |
| guest_team    | int     |
| host_goals    | int     |
| guest_goals   | int     |
+---------------+---------+
match_id is the column of unique values of this table.
Each row is a record of a finished match between two different teams.
Teams host_team and guest_team are represented by their IDs in the Teams table (team_id), and they scored host_goals and guest_goals goals, respectively.


You would like to compute the scores of all teams after all matches. Points are awarded as follows:

• A team receives three points if they win a match (i.e., Scored more goals than the opponent team).
• A team receives one point if they draw a match (i.e., Scored the same number of goals as the opponent team).
• A team receives no points if they lose a match (i.e., Scored fewer goals than the opponent team).

Write a solution that selects the team_id, team_name and num_points of each team in the tournament after all described matches.

Return the result table ordered by num_points in decreasing order. In case of a tie, order the records by team_id in increasing order.

The result format is in the following example.

Example 1:

Input:
Teams table:
+-----------+--------------+
| team_id   | team_name    |
+-----------+--------------+
| 10        | Leetcode FC  |
| 20        | NewYork FC   |
| 30        | Atlanta FC   |
| 40        | Chicago FC   |
| 50        | Toronto FC   |
+-----------+--------------+
Matches table:
+------------+--------------+---------------+-------------+--------------+
| match_id   | host_team    | guest_team    | host_goals  | guest_goals  |
+------------+--------------+---------------+-------------+--------------+
| 1          | 10           | 20            | 3           | 0            |
| 2          | 30           | 10            | 2           | 2            |
| 3          | 10           | 50            | 5           | 1            |
| 4          | 20           | 30            | 1           | 0            |
| 5          | 50           | 30            | 1           | 0            |
+------------+--------------+---------------+-------------+--------------+
Output:
+------------+--------------+---------------+
| team_id    | team_name    | num_points    |
+------------+--------------+---------------+
| 10         | Leetcode FC  | 7             |
| 20         | NewYork FC   | 3             |
| 50         | Toronto FC   | 3             |
| 30         | Atlanta FC   | 1             |
| 40         | Chicago FC   | 0             |
+------------+--------------+---------------+


Solutions

Solution 1: Left Join + Group By + Case Expression

We can join the Teams table and the Matches table using a left join, where the join condition is team_id = host_team OR team_id = guest_team, to obtain all the match information for each team.

Next, we group by team_id and use a CASE expression to calculate the points for each team according to the following rules:

• If the team is the host team and has more goals than the guest team, add $3$ points to the team’s score.
• If the team is the guest team and has more goals than the host team, add $3$ points to the team’s score.
• If the host team and the guest team have the same number of goals, add $1$ point to the team’s score.

Finally, we sort the result by points in descending order, and if the points are the same, we sort by team_id in ascending order.

• # Write your MySQL query statement below
SELECT
team_id,
team_name,
SUM(
CASE
WHEN team_id = host_team
AND host_goals > guest_goals THEN 3
WHEN team_id = guest_team
AND guest_goals > host_goals THEN 3
WHEN host_goals = guest_goals THEN 1
ELSE 0
END
) AS num_points
FROM
Teams
LEFT JOIN Matches ON team_id = host_team OR team_id = guest_team
GROUP BY 1
ORDER BY 3 DESC, 1;