Formatted question description: https://leetcode.ca/all/1041.html

1041. Robot Bounded In Circle (Medium)

On an infinite plane, a robot initially stands at (0, 0) and faces north.  The robot can receive one of three instructions:

  • "G": go straight 1 unit;
  • "L": turn 90 degrees to the left;
  • "R": turn 90 degress to the right.

The robot performs the instructions given in order, and repeats them forever.

Return true if and only if there exists a circle in the plane such that the robot never leaves the circle.

 

Example 1:

Input: "GGLLGG"
Output: true
Explanation: 
The robot moves from (0,0) to (0,2), turns 180 degrees, and then returns to (0,0).
When repeating these instructions, the robot remains in the circle of radius 2 centered at the origin.

Example 2:

Input: "GG"
Output: false
Explanation: 
The robot moves north indefinitely.

Example 3:

Input: "GL"
Output: true
Explanation: 
The robot moves from (0, 0) -> (0, 1) -> (-1, 1) -> (-1, 0) -> (0, 0) -> ...

 

Note:

  1. 1 <= instructions.length <= 100
  2. instructions[i] is in {'G', 'L', 'R'}

Related Topics: Math

Solution 1.

// OJ: https://leetcode.com/problems/robot-bounded-in-circle/

// Time: O(N)
// Space: O(1)
class Solution {
public:
    bool isRobotBounded(string instructions) {
        int x = 0, y = 0, d = 0, dir[4][2] = { {0,1},{-1,0},{0,-1},{1,0} };
        for (int i = 0; i < 4; ++i) {
            for (char c : instructions) {
                if (c == 'G') x += dir[d][0], y += dir[d][1];
                else if (c == 'L') d = (d + 1) % 4;
                else d = (d + 3) % 4;
            }
            if (x == 0 && y == 0) return true;
        }
        return false;
    }
};

Java

class Solution {
    public boolean isRobotBounded(String instructions) {
        if (instructions == null || instructions.length() == 0)
            return true;
        int[][] directions = { {0, 1}, {1, 0}, {0, -1}, {-1, 0} };
        int directionIndex = 0;
        int xPosition = 0, yPosition = 0;
        int length = instructions.length();
        for (int i = 0; i < length; i++) {
            char instruction = instructions.charAt(i);
            if (instruction == 'G') {
                int[] direction = directions[directionIndex];
                xPosition += direction[0];
                yPosition += direction[1];
            } else if (instruction == 'L')
                directionIndex = (directionIndex + 3) % 4;
            else if (instruction == 'R')
                directionIndex = (directionIndex + 1) % 4;
        }
        return xPosition == 0 && yPosition == 0 || directionIndex != 0;
    }
}

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