Formatted question description: https://leetcode.ca/all/891.html
891. Sum of Subsequence Widths
Level
Hard
Description
Given an array of integers A
, consider all nonempty subsequences of A
.
For any sequence S, let the width of S be the difference between the maximum and minimum element of S.
Return the sum of the widths of all subsequences of A.
As the answer may be very large, return the answer modulo 10^9 + 7.
Example 1:
Input: [2,1,3]
Output: 6
Explanation:
Subsequences are [1], [2], [3], [2,1], [2,3], [1,3], [2,1,3].
The corresponding widths are 0, 0, 0, 1, 1, 2, 2.
The sum of these widths is 6.
Note:
1 <= A.length <= 20000
1 <= A[i] <= 20000
Solution
First sort the array A
, which won’t affect the result. Then the sum of subsequence widths is the sum over 2 ^ (j  i  1) * (A[j]  A[i])
for all pairs (i, j)
such that 0 <= i < j < A.length
. The result is the sum over (2 ^ i  2 ^ (A.length  i  1)) * A[i]
for all i
from 0 to A.length  1
.

class Solution { public int sumSubseqWidths(int[] A) { final int MODULO = 1000000007; Arrays.sort(A); int length = A.length; long[] pow2 = new long[length]; pow2[0] = 1; for (int i = 1; i < length; i++) pow2[i] = pow2[i  1] * 2 % MODULO; long sum = 0; for (int i = 0; i < length; i++) sum = (sum + (pow2[i]  pow2[length  1  i]) * A[i]) % MODULO; return (int) sum; } }

Todo

print("Todo!")