# 3166. Calculate Parking Fees and Duration ðŸ”’

## Description

Table: ParkingTransactions

+--+--+
\| lot_id       \| int       \|
\| car_id       \| int       \|
\| entry_time   \| datetime  \|
\| exit_time    \| datetime  \|
\| fee_paid     \| decimal   \|
+--++-+
\| lot_id \| car_id \| entry_time          \| exit_time           \| fee_paid \|
+--+--+++-+


Output:

+--+-+-++
\| 1001   \| 18.00          \| 2.40           \| 1             \|
\| 1002   \| 6.00           \| 1.33           \| 2             \|
+--+-+---+


Explanation:

• For car ID 1001:
• From 2023-06-01 08:00:00 to 2023-06-01 10:30:00 in lot 1: 2.5 hours, fee 5.00
• From 2023-06-02 11:00:00 to 2023-06-02 12:45:00 in lot 1: 1.75 hours, fee 3.00
• From 2023-06-01 10:45:00 to 2023-06-01 12:00:00 in lot 2: 1.25 hours, fee 6.00
• From 2023-06-03 07:00:00 to 2023-06-03 09:00:00 in lot 3: 2 hours, fee 4.00
Total fee paid: 18.00, total hours: 7.5, average hourly fee: 2.40, most time spent in lot 1: 4.25 hours.
• For car ID 1002:
• From 2023-06-01 09:00:00 to 2023-06-01 11:30:00 in lot 2: 2.5 hours, fee 4.00
• From 2023-06-02 12:00:00 to 2023-06-02 14:00:00 in lot 3: 2 hours, fee 2.00
Total fee paid: 6.00, total hours: 4.5, average hourly fee: 1.33, most time spent in lot 2: 2.5 hours.

Note: Output table is ordered by car_id in ascending order.

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## Solutions

### Solution 1: Grouping + Joining

We can first group by car_id and lot_id to calculate the parking duration for each car in each parking lot. Then, we use the RANK() function to rank the parking duration of each car in each parking lot to find the parking lot where each car has the longest parking duration.

Finally, we can group by car_id to calculate the total parking fee, average hourly fee, and the parking lot with the longest parking duration for each car.

• # Write your MySQL query statement below
WITH
T AS (
SELECT
car_id,
lot_id,
SUM(TIMESTAMPDIFF(SECOND, entry_time, exit_time)) AS duration
FROM ParkingTransactions
GROUP BY 1, 2
),
P AS (
SELECT
*,
RANK() OVER (
PARTITION BY car_id
ORDER BY duration DESC
) AS rk
FROM T
)
SELECT
t1.car_id,
SUM(fee_paid) AS total_fee_paid,
ROUND(
SUM(fee_paid) / (SUM(TIMESTAMPDIFF(SECOND, entry_time, exit_time)) / 3600),
2
) AS avg_hourly_fee,
t2.lot_id AS most_time_lot
FROM
ParkingTransactions AS t1
LEFT JOIN P AS t2 ON t1.car_id = t2.car_id AND t2.rk = 1
GROUP BY 1
ORDER BY 1;