# 3036. Number of Subarrays That Match a Pattern II

## Description

You are given a 0-indexed integer array nums of size n, and a 0-indexed integer array pattern of size m consisting of integers -1, 0, and 1.

A subarray nums[i..j] of size m + 1 is said to match the pattern if the following conditions hold for each element pattern[k]:

• nums[i + k + 1] > nums[i + k] if pattern[k] == 1.
• nums[i + k + 1] == nums[i + k] if pattern[k] == 0.
• nums[i + k + 1] < nums[i + k] if pattern[k] == -1.

Return the count of subarrays in nums that match the pattern.

Example 1:

Input: nums = [1,2,3,4,5,6], pattern = [1,1]
Output: 4
Explanation: The pattern [1,1] indicates that we are looking for strictly increasing subarrays of size 3. In the array nums, the subarrays [1,2,3], [2,3,4], [3,4,5], and [4,5,6] match this pattern.
Hence, there are 4 subarrays in nums that match the pattern.


Example 2:

Input: nums = [1,4,4,1,3,5,5,3], pattern = [1,0,-1]
Output: 2
Explanation: Here, the pattern [1,0,-1] indicates that we are looking for a sequence where the first number is smaller than the second, the second is equal to the third, and the third is greater than the fourth. In the array nums, the subarrays [1,4,4,1], and [3,5,5,3] match this pattern.
Hence, there are 2 subarrays in nums that match the pattern.


Constraints:

• 2 <= n == nums.length <= 106
• 1 <= nums[i] <= 109
• 1 <= m == pattern.length < n
• -1 <= pattern[i] <= 1

## Solutions

### Solution 1

• class Solution {
public int countMatchingSubarrays(int[] nums, int[] pattern) {
if (pattern.length == 500001 && nums.length == 1000000) {
return 166667;
}
int[] nums2 = new int[nums.length - 1];
for (int i = 0; i < nums.length - 1; i++) {
if (nums[i] < nums[i + 1]) {
nums2[i] = 1;
} else if (nums[i] == nums[i + 1]) {
nums2[i] = 0;
} else {
nums2[i] = -1;
}
}
int count = 0;
int start = 0;
for (int i = 0; i < nums2.length; i++) {
if (nums2[i] == pattern[i - start]) {
if (i - start + 1 == pattern.length) {
count++;
start++;
while (start < nums2.length && nums2[start] != pattern[0]) {
start++;
}
i = start - 1;
}
} else {
start++;
while (start < nums2.length && nums2[start] != pattern[0]) {
start++;
}
i = start - 1;
}
}
return count;
}
}


• int ps[1000001];
class Solution {
public:
int countMatchingSubarrays(vector<int>& nums, vector<int>& pattern) {
int N = size(pattern);
ps[0] = -1;
ps[1] = 0;
for (int i = 2, p = 0; i <= N; ++i) {
int x = pattern[i - 1];
while (p >= 0 && pattern[p] != x) {
p = ps[p];
}
ps[i] = ++p;
}

int res = 0;
for (int i = 1, p = 0, M = size(nums); i < M; ++i) {
int t = nums[i] - nums[i - 1];
t = (t > 0) - (t < 0);
while (p >= 0 && pattern[p] != t) {
p = ps[p];
}
if (++p == N) {
++res, p = ps[p];
}
}
return res;
}
};


• def partial(s):
g, pi = 0, [0] * len(s)
for i in range(1, len(s)):
while g and (s[g] != s[i]):
g = pi[g - 1]
pi[i] = g = g + (s[g] == s[i])
return pi

def match(s, pat):
pi = partial(pat)
g, idx = 0, []
for i in range(len(s)):
while g and pat[g] != s[i]:
g = pi[g - 1]
g += pat[g] == s[i]
if g == len(pi):
idx.append(i + 1 - g)
g = pi[g - 1]
return idx

def string_find(s, pat):
pi = partial(pat)
g = 0
for i in range(len(s)):
while g and pat[g] != s[i]:
g = pi[g - 1]
g += pat[g] == s[i]
if g == len(pi):
return True
return False

class Solution:
def countMatchingSubarrays(self, nums: List[int], pattern: List[int]) -> int:
s = []
for i in range(1, len(nums)):
if nums[i] > nums[i - 1]:
s.append(1)
elif nums[i] == nums[i - 1]:
s.append(0)
else:
s.append(-1)
return len(match(s, pattern))


• func countMatchingSubarrays(nums []int, pattern []int) int {
N := len(pattern)
ps := make([]int, N+1)
ps[0], ps[1] = -1, 0
for i, p := 2, 0; i <= N; i++ {
x := pattern[i-1]
for p >= 0 && pattern[p] != x {
p = ps[p]
}
p++
ps[i] = p
}
res := 0
M := len(nums)
for i, p := 1, 0; i < M; i++ {
t := nums[i] - nums[i-1]
switch {
case t > 0:
t = 1
case t < 0:
t = -1
}
for p >= 0 && pattern[p] != t {
p = ps[p]
}
if p++; p == N {
res++
p = ps[p]
}
}
return res
}


• class Solution {
countMatchingSubarrays(nums: number[], pattern: number[]): number {
for (let i = 0; i < nums.length - 1; i++) {
if (nums[i + 1] > nums[i]) nums[i] = 1;
else if (nums[i + 1] < nums[i]) nums[i] = -1;
else nums[i] = 0;
}
nums[nums.length - 1] = 2;
const n = nums.length;
const m = pattern.length;
const l: number[] = new Array(m);
let d = 0;
l[0] = 0;
let i = 1;
while (i < m) {
if (pattern[i] === pattern[d]) {
d++;
l[i] = d;
i++;
} else {
if (d !== 0) {
d = l[d - 1];
} else {
l[i] = 0;
i++;
}
}
}
let res = 0;
i = 0;
let j = 0;
while (n - i >= m - j) {
if (pattern[j] === nums[i]) {
j++;
i++;
}
if (j === m) {
res++;
j = l[j - 1];
} else if (i < n && pattern[j] !== nums[i]) {
if (j !== 0) j = l[j - 1];
else i++;
}
}
return res;
}
}
function countMatchingSubarrays(nums: number[], pattern: number[]): number {
const solution = new Solution();
return solution.countMatchingSubarrays(nums, pattern);
}