# 2666. Allow One Function Call

## Description

Given a function fn, return a new function that is identical to the original function except that it ensures fn is called at most once.

• The first time the returned function is called, it should return the same result as fn.
• Every subsequent time it is called, it should return undefined.

Example 1:

Input: fn = (a,b,c) => (a + b + c), calls = [[1,2,3],[2,3,6]]
Output: [{"calls":1,"value":6}]
Explanation:
const onceFn = once(fn);
onceFn(1, 2, 3); // 6
onceFn(2, 3, 6); // undefined, fn was not called


Example 2:

Input: fn = (a,b,c) => (a * b * c), calls = [[5,7,4],[2,3,6],[4,6,8]]
Output: [{"calls":1,"value":140}]
Explanation:
const onceFn = once(fn);
onceFn(5, 7, 4); // 140
onceFn(2, 3, 6); // undefined, fn was not called
onceFn(4, 6, 8); // undefined, fn was not called


Constraints:

• 1 <= calls.length <= 10
• 1 <= calls[i].length <= 100
• 2 <= JSON.stringify(calls).length <= 1000

## Solutions

• function once<T extends (...args: any[]) => any>(
fn: T,
): (...args: Parameters<T>) => ReturnType<T> | undefined {
let called = false;
return function (...args) {
if (!called) {
called = true;
return fn(...args);
}
};
}

/**
* let fn = (a,b,c) => (a + b + c)
* let onceFn = once(fn)
*
* onceFn(1,2,3); // 6
* onceFn(2,3,6); // returns undefined without calling fn
*/