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2463. Minimum Total Distance Traveled
Description
There are some robots and factories on the Xaxis. You are given an integer array robot
where robot[i]
is the position of the i^{th}
robot. You are also given a 2D integer array factory
where factory[j] = [position_{j}, limit_{j}]
indicates that position_{j}
is the position of the j^{th}
factory and that the j^{th}
factory can repair at most limit_{j}
robots.
The positions of each robot are unique. The positions of each factory are also unique. Note that a robot can be in the same position as a factory initially.
All the robots are initially broken; they keep moving in one direction. The direction could be the negative or the positive direction of the Xaxis. When a robot reaches a factory that did not reach its limit, the factory repairs the robot, and it stops moving.
At any moment, you can set the initial direction of moving for some robot. Your target is to minimize the total distance traveled by all the robots.
Return the minimum total distance traveled by all the robots. The test cases are generated such that all the robots can be repaired.
Note that
 All robots move at the same speed.
 If two robots move in the same direction, they will never collide.
 If two robots move in opposite directions and they meet at some point, they do not collide. They cross each other.
 If a robot passes by a factory that reached its limits, it crosses it as if it does not exist.
 If the robot moved from a position
x
to a positiony
, the distance it moved isy  x
.
Example 1:
Input: robot = [0,4,6], factory = [[2,2],[6,2]] Output: 4 Explanation: As shown in the figure:  The first robot at position 0 moves in the positive direction. It will be repaired at the first factory.  The second robot at position 4 moves in the negative direction. It will be repaired at the first factory.  The third robot at position 6 will be repaired at the second factory. It does not need to move. The limit of the first factory is 2, and it fixed 2 robots. The limit of the second factory is 2, and it fixed 1 robot. The total distance is 2  0 + 2  4 + 6  6 = 4. It can be shown that we cannot achieve a better total distance than 4.
Example 2:
Input: robot = [1,1], factory = [[2,1],[2,1]] Output: 2 Explanation: As shown in the figure:  The first robot at position 1 moves in the positive direction. It will be repaired at the second factory.  The second robot at position 1 moves in the negative direction. It will be repaired at the first factory. The limit of the first factory is 1, and it fixed 1 robot. The limit of the second factory is 1, and it fixed 1 robot. The total distance is 2  1 + (2)  (1) = 2. It can be shown that we cannot achieve a better total distance than 2.
Constraints:
1 <= robot.length, factory.length <= 100
factory[j].length == 2
10^{9} <= robot[i], position_{j} <= 10^{9}
0 <= limit_{j} <= robot.length
 The input will be generated such that it is always possible to repair every robot.
Solutions
Solution 1: Memoization Search
First, we sort the robots and factories in ascending order. Then we define a function $dfs(i, j)$ to represent the minimum total moving distance starting from the $i$th robot and the $j$th factory.
For $dfs(i, j)$, if the $j$th factory does not repair the robot, then $dfs(i, j) = dfs(i, j+1)$. If the $j$th factory repairs the robot, we can enumerate the number of robots repaired by the $j$th factory and find the minimum total moving distance. That is, $dfs(i, j) = min(dfs(i + k + 1, j + 1) + \sum_{t = 0}^{k}  robot[i + t]  factory[j][0]  )$. 
The time complexity is $O(m^2 \times n)$, and the space complexity is $O(m \times n)$. Here, $m$ and $n$ are the number of robots and factories, respectively.

class Solution { private long[][] f; private List<Integer> robot; private int[][] factory; public long minimumTotalDistance(List<Integer> robot, int[][] factory) { Collections.sort(robot); Arrays.sort(factory, (a, b) > a[0]  b[0]); this.robot = robot; this.factory = factory; f = new long[robot.size()][factory.length]; return dfs(0, 0); } private long dfs(int i, int j) { if (i == robot.size()) { return 0; } if (j == factory.length) { return Long.MAX_VALUE / 1000; } if (f[i][j] != 0) { return f[i][j]; } long ans = dfs(i, j + 1); long t = 0; for (int k = 0; k < factory[j][1]; ++k) { if (i + k == robot.size()) { break; } t += Math.abs(robot.get(i + k)  factory[j][0]); ans = Math.min(ans, t + dfs(i + k + 1, j + 1)); } f[i][j] = ans; return ans; } }

using ll = long long; class Solution { public: long long minimumTotalDistance(vector<int>& robot, vector<vector<int>>& factory) { sort(robot.begin(), robot.end()); sort(factory.begin(), factory.end()); vector<vector<ll>> f(robot.size(), vector<ll>(factory.size())); function<ll(int i, int j)> dfs = [&](int i, int j) > ll { if (i == robot.size()) return 0; if (j == factory.size()) return 1e15; if (f[i][j]) return f[i][j]; ll ans = dfs(i, j + 1); ll t = 0; for (int k = 0; k < factory[j][1]; ++k) { if (i + k >= robot.size()) break; t += abs(robot[i + k]  factory[j][0]); ans = min(ans, t + dfs(i + k + 1, j + 1)); } f[i][j] = ans; return ans; }; return dfs(0, 0); } };

class Solution: def minimumTotalDistance(self, robot: List[int], factory: List[List[int]]) > int: @cache def dfs(i, j): if i == len(robot): return 0 if j == len(factory): return inf ans = dfs(i, j + 1) t = 0 for k in range(factory[j][1]): if i + k == len(robot): break t += abs(robot[i + k]  factory[j][0]) ans = min(ans, t + dfs(i + k + 1, j + 1)) return ans robot.sort() factory.sort() ans = dfs(0, 0) dfs.cache_clear() return ans

func minimumTotalDistance(robot []int, factory [][]int) int64 { sort.Ints(robot) sort.Slice(factory, func(i, j int) bool { return factory[i][0] < factory[j][0] }) f := make([][]int, len(robot)) for i := range f { f[i] = make([]int, len(factory)) } var dfs func(i, j int) int dfs = func(i, j int) int { if i == len(robot) { return 0 } if j == len(factory) { return 1e15 } if f[i][j] != 0 { return f[i][j] } ans := dfs(i, j+1) t := 0 for k := 0; k < factory[j][1]; k++ { if i+k >= len(robot) { break } t += abs(robot[i+k]  factory[j][0]) ans = min(ans, t+dfs(i+k+1, j+1)) } f[i][j] = ans return ans } return int64(dfs(0, 0)) } func abs(x int) int { if x < 0 { return x } return x }