Formatted question description: https://leetcode.ca/all/2221.html

2221. Find Triangular Sum of an Array (Medium)

You are given a 0-indexed integer array nums, where nums[i] is a digit between 0 and 9 (inclusive).

The triangular sum of nums is the value of the only element present in nums after the following process terminates:

  1. Let nums comprise of n elements. If n == 1, end the process. Otherwise, create a new 0-indexed integer array newNums of length n - 1.
  2. For each index i, where 0 <= i < n - 1, assign the value of newNums[i] as (nums[i] + nums[i+1]) % 10, where % denotes modulo operator.
  3. Replace the array nums with newNums.
  4. Repeat the entire process starting from step 1.

Return the triangular sum of nums.

 

Example 1:

Input: nums = [1,2,3,4,5]
Output: 8
Explanation:
The above diagram depicts the process from which we obtain the triangular sum of the array.

Example 2:

Input: nums = [5]
Output: 5
Explanation:
Since there is only one element in nums, the triangular sum is the value of that element itself.

 

Constraints:

  • 1 <= nums.length <= 1000
  • 0 <= nums[i] <= 9

Similar Questions:

Solution 1. Pascal’s Triangle

// OJ: https://leetcode.com/problems/find-triangular-sum-of-an-array/
// Time: O(N^2)
// Space: O(1) extra space
class Solution {
public:
    int triangularSum(vector<int>& A) {
        for (int i = A.size(); i >= 1; --i) {
            for (int j = 0; j < i - 1; ++j) {
                A[j] = (A[j] + A[j + 1]) % 10;
            }
        }
        return A[0];
    }
};

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https://leetcode.com/problems/find-triangular-sum-of-an-array/discuss/1907038/

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