Formatted question description: https://leetcode.ca/all/2217.html

2217. Find Palindrome With Fixed Length (Medium)

Given an integer array queries and a positive integer intLength, return an array answer where answer[i] is either the queries[i]th smallest positive palindrome of length intLength or -1 if no such palindrome exists.

A palindrome is a number that reads the same backwards and forwards. Palindromes cannot have leading zeros.

 

Example 1:

Input: queries = [1,2,3,4,5,90], intLength = 3
Output: [101,111,121,131,141,999]
Explanation:
The first few palindromes of length 3 are:
101, 111, 121, 131, 141, 151, 161, 171, 181, 191, 202, ...
The 90th palindrome of length 3 is 999.

Example 2:

Input: queries = [2,4,6], intLength = 4
Output: [1111,1331,1551]
Explanation:
The first six palindromes of length 4 are:
1001, 1111, 1221, 1331, 1441, and 1551.

 

Constraints:

  • 1 <= queries.length <= 5 * 104
  • 1 <= queries[i] <= 109
  • 1 <= intLength <= 15

Companies:
VMware

Related Topics:
Array, Math

Similar Questions:

Solution 1.

Let half be the first half of the palindrome. The range of it is begin = 10^((len-1)/2) (inclusive) to end = 10^((len+1)/2) (exclusive).

For a given rank = Q[i], half = begin + Q[i] - 1. We can use getPalindrome helper function to generate the palindrome.

// OJ: https://leetcode.com/problems/find-palindrome-with-fixed-length/
// Time: O(QL)
// Space: O(1) extra space
class Solution {
    long getPalindrome(long half, bool odd) {
        long pal = half;
        if (odd) half /= 10;
        for (; half; half /= 10) pal = pal * 10 + half % 10;
        return pal;
    }
public:
    vector<long long> kthPalindrome(vector<int>& Q, int len) {
        long begin = pow(10L, (len - 1) / 2), end = pow(10L, (len + 1) / 2);
        vector<long long> ans(Q.size(), -1);
        for (int i = 0; i < Q.size(); ++i) {
            long half = begin + Q[i] - 1;
            if (half < end) ans[i] = getPalindrome(half, len % 2);
        }
        return ans;
    }
};

Discuss

https://leetcode.com/problems/find-palindrome-with-fixed-length/discuss/1887018/

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