Formatted question description: https://leetcode.ca/all/2208.html

# 2208. Minimum Operations to Halve Array Sum (Medium)

You are given an array nums of positive integers. In one operation, you can choose any number from nums and reduce it to exactly half the number. (Note that you may choose this reduced number in future operations.)

Return the minimum number of operations to reduce the sum of nums by at least half.

Example 1:

Input: nums = [5,19,8,1]
Output: 3
Explanation: The initial sum of nums is equal to 5 + 19 + 8 + 1 = 33.
The following is one of the ways to reduce the sum by at least half:
Pick the number 19 and reduce it to 9.5.
Pick the number 9.5 and reduce it to 4.75.
Pick the number 8 and reduce it to 4.
The final array is [5, 4.75, 4, 1] with a total sum of 5 + 4.75 + 4 + 1 = 14.75.
The sum of nums has been reduced by 33 - 14.75 = 18.25, which is at least half of the initial sum, 18.25 >= 33/2 = 16.5.
Overall, 3 operations were used so we return 3.
It can be shown that we cannot reduce the sum by at least half in less than 3 operations.


Example 2:

Input: nums = [3,8,20]
Output: 3
Explanation: The initial sum of nums is equal to 3 + 8 + 20 = 31.
The following is one of the ways to reduce the sum by at least half:
Pick the number 20 and reduce it to 10.
Pick the number 10 and reduce it to 5.
Pick the number 3 and reduce it to 1.5.
The final array is [1.5, 8, 5] with a total sum of 1.5 + 8 + 5 = 14.5.
The sum of nums has been reduced by 31 - 14.5 = 16.5, which is at least half of the initial sum, 16.5 >= 31/2 = 16.5.
Overall, 3 operations were used so we return 3.
It can be shown that we cannot reduce the sum by at least half in less than 3 operations.


Constraints:

• 1 <= nums.length <= 105
• 1 <= nums[i] <= 107

Similar Questions:

## Solution 1. Heap

Greedily pick the greatest available number, half it and put it back, until the sum halves. We can keep the available numbers in a Max-Heap for easy access to the max number.

// OJ: https://leetcode.com/problems/minimum-operations-to-halve-array-sum/
// Time: O(NlogN)
// Space: O(N)
class Solution {
public:
int halveArray(vector<int>& A) {
priority_queue<double> pq;
double sum = 0;
int ans = 0;
for (int n : A) {
pq.push(n);
sum += n;
}
double goal = sum / 2;
while (sum > goal) {
auto x = pq.top();
pq.pop();
sum -= x / 2;
pq.push(x / 2);
++ans;
}
return ans;
}
};


## Discuss

https://leetcode.com/problems/minimum-operations-to-halve-array-sum/discuss/1863934/