Formatted question description: https://leetcode.ca/all/2087.html

2087. Minimum Cost Homecoming of a Robot in a Grid (Medium)

There is an m x n grid, where (0, 0) is the top-left cell and (m - 1, n - 1) is the bottom-right cell. You are given an integer array startPos where startPos = [startrow, startcol] indicates that initially, a robot is at the cell (startrow, startcol). You are also given an integer array homePos where homePos = [homerow, homecol] indicates that its home is at the cell (homerow, homecol).

The robot needs to go to its home. It can move one cell in four directions: left, right, up, or down, and it can not move outside the boundary. Every move incurs some cost. You are further given two 0-indexed integer arrays: rowCosts of length m and colCosts of length n.

  • If the robot moves up or down into a cell whose row is r, then this move costs rowCosts[r].
  • If the robot moves left or right into a cell whose column is c, then this move costs colCosts[c].

Return the minimum total cost for this robot to return home.

 

Example 1:

Input: startPos = [1, 0], homePos = [2, 3], rowCosts = [5, 4, 3], colCosts = [8, 2, 6, 7]
Output: 18
Explanation: One optimal path is that:
Starting from (1, 0)
-> It goes down to (2, 0). This move costs rowCosts[2] = 3.
-> It goes right to (2, 1). This move costs colCosts[1] = 2.
-> It goes right to (2, 2). This move costs colCosts[2] = 6.
-> It goes right to (2, 3). This move costs colCosts[3] = 7.
The total cost is 3 + 2 + 6 + 7 = 18

Example 2:

Input: startPos = [0, 0], homePos = [0, 0], rowCosts = [5], colCosts = [26]
Output: 0
Explanation: The robot is already at its home. Since no moves occur, the total cost is 0.

 

Constraints:

  • m == rowCosts.length
  • n == colCosts.length
  • 1 <= m, n <= 105
  • 0 <= rowCosts[r], colCosts[c] <= 104
  • startPos.length == 2
  • homePos.length == 2
  • 0 <= startrow, homerow < m
  • 0 <= startcol, homecol < n

Similar Questions:

Solution 1.

// OJ: https://leetcode.com/problems/minimum-cost-homecoming-of-a-robot-in-a-grid/
// Time: O(X + Y) where `X`/`Y` is the absolute difference between the `x`/`y` values of the `startPos` and `homePos`
// Space: O(1)
class Solution {
public:
    int minCost(vector<int>& startPos, vector<int>& homePos, vector<int>& rowCosts, vector<int>& colCosts) {
        int dx = homePos[0] > startPos[0] ? 1 : -1, dy = homePos[1] > startPos[1] ? 1 : -1, x = startPos[0], y = startPos[1], ans = 0;
        while (x != homePos[0]) ans += rowCosts[x += dx];
        while (y != homePos[1]) ans += colCosts[y += dy];
        return ans;
    }
};

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