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Formatted question description: https://leetcode.ca/all/2071.html

# 2071. Maximum Number of Tasks You Can Assign (Hard)

You have n tasks and m workers. Each task has a strength requirement stored in a 0-indexed integer array tasks, with the ith task requiring tasks[i] strength to complete. The strength of each worker is stored in a 0-indexed integer array workers, with the jth worker having workers[j] strength. Each worker can only be assigned to a single task and must have a strength greater than or equal to the task's strength requirement (i.e., workers[j] >= tasks[i]).

Additionally, you have pills magical pills that will increase a worker's strength by strength. You can decide which workers receive the magical pills, however, you may only give each worker at most one magical pill.

Given the 0-indexed integer arrays tasks and workers and the integers pills and strength, return the maximum number of tasks that can be completed.

Example 1:

Input: tasks = [3,2,1], workers = [0,3,3], pills = 1, strength = 1
Output: 3
Explanation:
We can assign the magical pill and tasks as follows:
- Give the magical pill to worker 0.
- Assign worker 0 to task 2 (0 + 1 >= 1)
- Assign worker 1 to task 1 (3 >= 2)
- Assign worker 2 to task 0 (3 >= 3)


Example 2:

Input: tasks = [5,4], workers = [0,0,0], pills = 1, strength = 5
Output: 1
Explanation:
We can assign the magical pill and tasks as follows:
- Give the magical pill to worker 0.
- Assign worker 0 to task 0 (0 + 5 >= 5)


Example 3:

Input: tasks = [10,15,30], workers = [0,10,10,10,10], pills = 3, strength = 10
Output: 2
Explanation:
We can assign the magical pills and tasks as follows:
- Give the magical pill to worker 0 and worker 1.
- Assign worker 0 to task 0 (0 + 10 >= 10)
- Assign worker 1 to task 1 (10 + 10 >= 15)


Example 4:

Input: tasks = [5,9,8,5,9], workers = [1,6,4,2,6], pills = 1, strength = 5
Output: 3
Explanation:
We can assign the magical pill and tasks as follows:
- Give the magical pill to worker 2.
- Assign worker 1 to task 0 (6 >= 5)
- Assign worker 2 to task 2 (4 + 5 >= 8)
- Assign worker 4 to task 3 (6 >= 5)


Constraints:

• n == tasks.length
• m == workers.length
• 1 <= n, m <= 5 * 104
• 0 <= pills <= m
• 0 <= tasks[i], workers[j], strength <= 109

Companies:

Related Topics:
Array, Binary Search, Greedy, Queue, Sorting, Monotonic Queue

Similar Questions:

// OJ: https://leetcode.com/problems/maximum-number-of-tasks-you-can-assign/
// Time: O(log(min(T, W)) * WlogW)
// Space: O(W)
class Solution {
public:
int maxTaskAssign(vector<int>& T, vector<int>& W, int P, int S) {
sort(begin(T), end(T));
sort(begin(W), end(W));
auto valid = [&](int cnt) {
multiset<int> s(begin(W), end(W));
int match = 0;
bool ans = true;
for (int i = cnt - 1; i >= 0; --i) {
if (T[i] <= *s.rbegin()) {
s.erase(prev(s.end()));
} else {
auto it = s.lower_bound(T[i] - S);
if (it != s.end()) {
++match;
s.erase(it);
} else {
ans = false;
break;
}
}
if (match > P) {
ans = false;
break;
}
}
return ans;
};
int L = 0, R = min(T.size(), W.size());
while (L <= R) {
int M = (L + R) / 2;
if (valid(M)) L = M + 1;
else R = M - 1;
}
return R;
}
};