Formatted question description: https://leetcode.ca/all/2062.html

2062. Count Vowel Substrings of a String (Easy)

A substring is a contiguous (non-empty) sequence of characters within a string.

A vowel substring is a substring that only consists of vowels ('a', 'e', 'i', 'o', and 'u') and has all five vowels present in it.

Given a string word, return the number of vowel substrings in word.

 

Example 1:

Input: word = "aeiouu"
Output: 2
Explanation: The vowel substrings of word are as follows (underlined):
- "aeiouu"
- "aeiouu"

Example 2:

Input: word = "unicornarihan"
Output: 0
Explanation: Not all 5 vowels are present, so there are no vowel substrings.

Example 3:

Input: word = "cuaieuouac"
Output: 7
Explanation: The vowel substrings of word are as follows (underlined):
- "cuaieuouac"
- "cuaieuouac"
- "cuaieuouac"
- "cuaieuouac"
- "cuaieuouac"
- "cuaieuouac"
- "cuaieuouac"

Example 4:

Input: word = "bbaeixoubb"
Output: 0
Explanation: The only substrings that contain all five vowels also contain consonants, so there are no vowel substrings.

 

Constraints:

  • 1 <= word.length <= 100
  • word consists of lowercase English letters only.

Similar Questions:

Solution 1. Brute Force

// OJ: https://leetcode.com/problems/count-vowel-substrings-of-a-string/
// Time: O(N^2)
// Space: O(1)
class Solution {
    bool isVowel(char c) {
        return c == 'a' || c == 'e' || c == 'i' || c == 'o' || c == 'u';
    };
public:
    int countVowelSubstrings(string s) {
        int ans = 0, N = s.size();
        unordered_map<char, int> cnt;
        for (int i = 0; i < N; ++i) {
            cnt.clear();
            for (int j = i; j < N && isVowel(s[j]); ++j) {
                cnt[s[j]]++;
                if (cnt.size() == 5) ++ans;
            }
        }
        return ans;
    }
};

Solution 2. Sliding Window

Check out “C++ Maximum Sliding Window Cheatsheet Template!

Function atMost(s, goal) returns the number of substrings that has at most goal number of unique vowels. The answer is atMost(s, 5) - atMost(s, 4).

// OJ: https://leetcode.com/problems/count-vowel-substrings-of-a-string/
// Time: O(N)
// Space: O(1)
class Solution {
    bool isVowel(char c) {
        return c == 'a' || c == 'e' || c == 'i' || c == 'o' || c == 'u';
    };
    int atMost(string &s, int goal) {
        int ans = 0, i = 0, j = 0, N = s.size();
        unordered_map<char, int> cnt;
        for (; j < N; ++j) {
            if (!isVowel(s[j])) {
                i = j + 1;
                cnt.clear();
                continue;
            }
            cnt[s[j]]++;
            for (; cnt.size() > goal; ++i) {
                if (--cnt[s[i]] == 0) cnt.erase(s[i]);
            }
            ans += j - i + 1; // this window [i, j] is the maximum window ending at `s[j]` that has at most `goal` number of unique vowels.
        }
        return ans;
    }
public:
    int countVowelSubstrings(string s) {
        return atMost(s, 5) - atMost(s, 4);
    }
};

Discuss

https://leetcode.com/problems/count-vowel-substrings-of-a-string/discuss/1563765/C%2B%2B-O(N)-Time-Sliding-Window

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