Formatted question description: https://leetcode.ca/all/2043.html

2043. Simple Bank System (Medium)

You have been tasked with writing a program for a popular bank that will automate all its incoming transactions (transfer, deposit, and withdraw). The bank has n accounts numbered from 1 to n. The initial balance of each account is stored in a 0-indexed integer array balance, with the (i + 1)th account having an initial balance of balance[i].

Execute all the valid transactions. A transaction is valid if:

  • The given account number(s) are between 1 and n, and
  • The amount of money withdrawn or transferred from is less than or equal to the balance of the account.

Implement the Bank class:

  • Bank(long[] balance) Initializes the object with the 0-indexed integer array balance.
  • boolean transfer(int account1, int account2, long money) Transfers money dollars from the account numbered account1 to the account numbered account2. Return true if the transaction was successful, false otherwise.
  • boolean deposit(int account, long money) Deposit money dollars into the account numbered account. Return true if the transaction was successful, false otherwise.
  • boolean withdraw(int account, long money) Withdraw money dollars from the account numbered account. Return true if the transaction was successful, false otherwise.

 

Example 1:

Input
["Bank", "withdraw", "transfer", "deposit", "transfer", "withdraw"]
[[[10, 100, 20, 50, 30]], [3, 10], [5, 1, 20], [5, 20], [3, 4, 15], [10, 50]]
Output
[null, true, true, true, false, false]

Explanation
Bank bank = new Bank([10, 100, 20, 50, 30]);
bank.withdraw(3, 10);    // return true, account 3 has a balance of $20, so it is valid to withdraw $10.
                         // Account 3 has $20 - $10 = $10.
bank.transfer(5, 1, 20); // return true, account 5 has a balance of $30, so it is valid to transfer $20.
                         // Account 5 has $30 - $20 = $10, and account 1 has $10 + $20 = $30.
bank.deposit(5, 20);     // return true, it is valid to deposit $20 to account 5.
                         // Account 5 has $10 + $20 = $30.
bank.transfer(3, 4, 15); // return false, the current balance of account 3 is $10,
                         // so it is invalid to transfer $15 from it.
bank.withdraw(10, 50);   // return false, it is invalid because account 10 does not exist.

 

Constraints:

  • n == balance.length
  • 1 <= n, account, account1, account2 <= 105
  • 0 <= balance[i], money <= 1012
  • At most 104 calls will be made to each function transfer, deposit, withdraw.

Solution 1.

  • // OJ: https://leetcode.com/problems/simple-bank-system/
    // Time: O(1) for all
    // Space: O(N)
    class Bank {
        vector<long long> balance;
        bool valid(int account) {
            return account > 0 && account <= balance.size();
        }
        bool enough(int account, long long money) {
            return balance[account - 1] >= money;
        }
    public:
        Bank(vector<long long>& balance) : balance(balance) {}
        bool transfer(int from, int to, long long money) {
            if (valid(from) && valid(to) && enough(from, money)) {
                balance[from - 1] -= money;
                balance[to - 1] += money;
                return true;
            }
            return false;
        }
        bool deposit(int account, long long money) {
            if (valid(account)) {
                balance[account - 1] += money;
                return true;
            }
            return false;
        }
        bool withdraw(int account, long long money) {
            if (valid(account) && enough(account, money)) {
                balance[account - 1] -= money;
                return true;
            }
            return false;
        }
    };
    
  • // Todo
    
  • # 2043. Simple Bank System
    # https://leetcode.com/problems/simple-bank-system/
    
    class Bank:
    
        def __init__(self, balance: List[int]):
            self.banks = [0] + balance
            self.n = len(balance)
            
        def transfer(self, account1: int, account2: int, money: int) -> bool:
            if 1 <= account1 <= self.n and 1 <= account2 <= self.n and self.banks[account1] >= money:
                self.banks[account1] -= money
                self.banks[account2] += money
                return True
            
            return False
    
        def deposit(self, account: int, money: int) -> bool:
            if 1 <= account <= self.n:
                self.banks[account] += money
                return True
            
            return False
    
        def withdraw(self, account: int, money: int) -> bool:
            if 1 <= account <= self.n and self.banks[account] >= money:
                self.banks[account] -= money
                return True
            
            return False
            
    
    
    # Your Bank object will be instantiated and called as such:
    # obj = Bank(balance)
    # param_1 = obj.transfer(account1,account2,money)
    # param_2 = obj.deposit(account,money)
    # param_3 = obj.withdraw(account,money)
    
    

We can also implement transfer using withdraw and deposit.

  • bool transfer(int from, int to, long long money) {
        return valid(to) && withdraw(from, money) && deposit(to, money);
    }
    
  • // Todo
    
  • # 2043. Simple Bank System
    # https://leetcode.com/problems/simple-bank-system/
    
    class Bank:
    
        def __init__(self, balance: List[int]):
            self.banks = [0] + balance
            self.n = len(balance)
            
        def transfer(self, account1: int, account2: int, money: int) -> bool:
            if 1 <= account1 <= self.n and 1 <= account2 <= self.n and self.banks[account1] >= money:
                self.banks[account1] -= money
                self.banks[account2] += money
                return True
            
            return False
    
        def deposit(self, account: int, money: int) -> bool:
            if 1 <= account <= self.n:
                self.banks[account] += money
                return True
            
            return False
    
        def withdraw(self, account: int, money: int) -> bool:
            if 1 <= account <= self.n and self.banks[account] >= money:
                self.banks[account] -= money
                return True
            
            return False
            
    
    
    # Your Bank object will be instantiated and called as such:
    # obj = Bank(balance)
    # param_1 = obj.transfer(account1,account2,money)
    # param_2 = obj.deposit(account,money)
    # param_3 = obj.withdraw(account,money)
    
    

Discuss

https://leetcode.com/problems/simple-bank-system/discuss/1525207/C%2B%2B-Straightforward

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