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2156. Find Substring With Given Hash Value

Description

The hash of a 0-indexed string s of length k, given integers p and m, is computed using the following function:

  • hash(s, p, m) = (val(s[0]) * p0 + val(s[1]) * p1 + ... + val(s[k-1]) * pk-1) mod m.

Where val(s[i]) represents the index of s[i] in the alphabet from val('a') = 1 to val('z') = 26.

You are given a string s and the integers power, modulo, k, and hashValue. Return sub, the first substring of s of length k such that hash(sub, power, modulo) == hashValue.

The test cases will be generated such that an answer always exists.

A substring is a contiguous non-empty sequence of characters within a string.

 

Example 1:

Input: s = "leetcode", power = 7, modulo = 20, k = 2, hashValue = 0
Output: "ee"
Explanation: The hash of "ee" can be computed to be hash("ee", 7, 20) = (5 * 1 + 5 * 7) mod 20 = 40 mod 20 = 0. 
"ee" is the first substring of length 2 with hashValue 0. Hence, we return "ee".

Example 2:

Input: s = "fbxzaad", power = 31, modulo = 100, k = 3, hashValue = 32
Output: "fbx"
Explanation: The hash of "fbx" can be computed to be hash("fbx", 31, 100) = (6 * 1 + 2 * 31 + 24 * 312) mod 100 = 23132 mod 100 = 32. 
The hash of "bxz" can be computed to be hash("bxz", 31, 100) = (2 * 1 + 24 * 31 + 26 * 312) mod 100 = 25732 mod 100 = 32. 
"fbx" is the first substring of length 3 with hashValue 32. Hence, we return "fbx".
Note that "bxz" also has a hash of 32 but it appears later than "fbx".

 

Constraints:

  • 1 <= k <= s.length <= 2 * 104
  • 1 <= power, modulo <= 109
  • 0 <= hashValue < modulo
  • s consists of lowercase English letters only.
  • The test cases are generated such that an answer always exists.

Solutions

  • /**
     * @param {string} s
     * @param {number} power
     * @param {number} modulo
     * @param {number} k
     * @param {number} hashValue
     * @return {string}
     */
    var subStrHash = function (s, power, modulo, k, hashValue) {
        power = BigInt(power);
        modulo = BigInt(modulo);
        hashValue = BigInt(hashValue);
        const n = s.length;
        let pk = 1n;
        let ac = 0n;
        // 倒序滑动窗口
        for (let i = n - 1; i > n - 1 - k; i--) {
            ac = (ac * power + getCode(s, i)) % modulo;
            pk = (pk * power) % modulo;
        }
        let ans = -1;
        if (ac == hashValue) {
            ans = n - k;
        }
        for (let i = n - 1 - k; i >= 0; i--) {
            let pre = (getCode(s, i + k) * pk) % modulo;
            ac = (ac * power + getCode(s, i) - pre + modulo) % modulo;
            if (ac == hashValue) {
                ans = i;
            }
        }
        return ans == -1 ? '' : s.substring(ans, ans + k);
    };
    
    function getCode(str, index) {
        return BigInt(str.charCodeAt(index) - 'a'.charCodeAt(0) + 1);
    }
    
    

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