Formatted question description: https://leetcode.ca/all/1939.html

1939. Users That Actively Request Confirmation Messages

Level

Easy

Description

Table: Signups

+----------------+----------+
| Column Name    | Type     |
+----------------+----------+
| user_id        | int      |
| time_stamp     | datetime |
+----------------+----------+
user_id is the primary key for this table.
Each row contains information about the signup time for the user with ID user_id.

Table: Confirmations

+----------------+----------+
| Column Name    | Type     |
+----------------+----------+
| user_id        | int      |
| time_stamp     | datetime |
| action         | ENUM     |
+----------------+----------+
(user_id, time_stamp) is the primary key for this table.
user_id is a foreign key with a reference to the Signups table.
action is an ENUM of the type ('confirmed', 'timeout')
Each row of this table indicates that the user with ID user_id requested a confirmation message at time_stamp and that confirmation message was either confirmed ('confirmed') or expired without confirming ('timeout').

Write an SQL query to find the IDs of the users that requested a confirmation message twice within a 24-hour window. Two messages exactly 24 hours apart are considered to be within the window. The action does not affect the answer, only the request time.

Return the result table in any order.

The query result format is in the following example:

Signups table:
+---------+---------------------+
| user_id | time_stamp          |
+---------+---------------------+
| 3       | 2020-03-21 10:16:13 |
| 7       | 2020-01-04 13:57:59 |
| 2       | 2020-07-29 23:09:44 |
| 6       | 2020-12-09 10:39:37 |
+---------+---------------------+

Confirmations table:
+---------+---------------------+-----------+
| user_id | time_stamp          | action    |
+---------+---------------------+-----------+
| 3       | 2021-01-06 03:30:46 | timeout   |
| 3       | 2021-01-06 03:37:45 | timeout   |
| 7       | 2021-06-12 11:57:29 | confirmed |
| 7       | 2021-06-13 11:57:30 | confirmed |
| 2       | 2021-01-22 00:00:00 | confirmed |
| 2       | 2021-01-23 00:00:00 | timeout   |
| 6       | 2021-10-23 14:14:14 | confirmed |
| 6       | 2021-10-24 14:14:13 | timeout   |
+---------+---------------------+-----------+

Result table
+---------+
| user_id |
+---------+
| 2       |
| 3       |
| 6       |
+---------+

User 2 requested two messages within exactly 24 hours of each other, so we include them.
User 3 requested two messages within 6 minutes and 59 seconds of each other, so we include them.
User 6 requested two messages within 23 hours, 59 minutes, and 59 seconds of each other, so we include them.
User 7 requested two messages within 24 hours and 1 second of each other, so we exclude them from the answer.

Solution

Use inner join to get the two entries from Confirmations with the same user_id and the difference between the values of time_stamp is no more than 86400 seconds. Return user_id.

# Write your MySQL query statement below
select distinct c1.user_id
    from Confirmations c1
    inner join Confirmations c2
    where c1.user_id = c2.user_id
    and c1.time_stamp < c2.time_stamp
    and timestampdiff(second, c1.time_stamp, c2.time_stamp) <= 86400;

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