Formatted question description:

1930. Unique Length-3 Palindromic Subsequences




Given a string s, return the number of unique palindromes of length three that are a subsequence of s.

Note that even if there are multiple ways to obtain the same subsequence, it is still only counted once.

A palindrome is a string that reads the same forwards and backwards.

A subsequence of a string is a new string generated from the original string with some characters (can be none) deleted without changing the relative order of the remaining characters.

  • For example, "ace" is a subsequence of "abcde".

Example 1:

Input: s = “aabca”

Output: 3

Explanation: The 3 palindromic subsequences of length 3 are:

  • “aba” (subsequence of “aabca”)
  • “aaa” (subsequence of “aabca”)
  • “aca” (subsequence of “aabca”)

Example 2:

Input: s = “adc”

Output: 0

Explanation: There are no palindromic subsequences of length 3 in “adc”.

Example 3:

Input: s = “bbcbaba”

Output: 4

Explanation: The 4 palindromic subsequences of length 3 are:

  • “bbb” (subsequence of “bbcbaba”)
  • “bcb” (subsequence of “bbcbaba”)
  • “bab” (subsequence of “bbcbaba”)
  • “aba” (subsequence of “bbcbaba”)


  • 3 <= s.length <= 10^5
  • s consists of only lowercase English letters.


For each palindromic subsequence of length 3, the first and the last character need to be determined, and the middle character needs to be determined. Loop over s to find each character’s first index and last index. Then for each character, loop over all characters between the character’s first index and last index, and count the number of palindromic subsequences with the current character as the first character and the last character.

class Solution {
    public int countPalindromicSubsequence(String s) {
        int[][] startEnd = new int[26][2];
        for (int i = 0; i < 26; i++)
            Arrays.fill(startEnd[i], -1);
        int length = s.length();
        for (int i = 0; i < length; i++) {
            char c = s.charAt(i);
            int index = c - 'a';
            if (startEnd[index][0] < 0)
                startEnd[index][0] = i;
            startEnd[index][1] = i;
        int count = 0;
        for (int i = 0; i < 26; i++) {
            int start = startEnd[i][0], end = startEnd[i][1];
            Set<Character> set = new HashSet<Character>();
            for (int j = start + 1; j < end; j++)
            count += set.size();
        return count;

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