Formatted question description: https://leetcode.ca/all/1874.html

1874. Minimize Product Sum of Two Arrays

Level

Medium

Description

The product sum of two equal-length arrays a and b is equal to the sum of a[i] * b[i] for all 0 <= i < a.length (0-indexed).

  • For example, if a = [1,2,3,4] and b = [5,2,3,1], the product sum would be 1*5 + 2*2 + 3*3 + 4*1 = 22.

Given two arrays nums1 and nums2 of length n, return the minimum product sum if you are allowed to rearrange the order of the elements in nums1.

Example 1:

Input: nums1 = [5,3,4,2], nums2 = [4,2,2,5]

Output: 40

Explanation: We can rearrange nums1 to become [3,5,4,2]. The product sum of [3,5,4,2] and [4,2,2,5] is 34 + 52 + 42 + 25 = 40.

Example 2:

Input: nums1 = [2,1,4,5,7], nums2 = [3,2,4,8,6]

Output: 65

Explanation: We can rearrange nums1 to become [5,7,4,1,2]. The product sum of [5,7,4,1,2] and [3,2,4,8,6] is 53 + 72 + 44 + 18 + 2*6 = 65.

Constraints:

  • n == nums1.length == nums2.length
  • 1 <= n <= 10^5
  • 1 <= nums1[i], nums2[i] <= 100

Solution

Sort both nums1 and nums2. Then for each 0 <= i < n, nums1[i] is multiplied with nums2[n - 1 - i]. In this way, the product sum is minimized.

class Solution {
    public int minProductSum(int[] nums1, int[] nums2) {
        Arrays.sort(nums1);
        Arrays.sort(nums2);
        int sum = 0;
        int length = nums1.length;
        for (int i = 0; i < length; i++)
            sum += nums1[i] * nums2[length - 1 - i];
        return sum;
    }
}

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