# 2009. Minimum Number of Operations to Make Array Continuous

## Description

You are given an integer array nums. In one operation, you can replace any element in nums with any integer.

nums is considered continuous if both of the following conditions are fulfilled:

• All elements in nums are unique.
• The difference between the maximum element and the minimum element in nums equals nums.length - 1.

For example, nums = [4, 2, 5, 3] is continuous, but nums = [1, 2, 3, 5, 6] is not continuous.

Return the minimum number of operations to make nums continuous.

Example 1:

Input: nums = [4,2,5,3]
Output: 0


Example 2:

Input: nums = [1,2,3,5,6]
Output: 1
Explanation: One possible solution is to change the last element to 4.
The resulting array is [1,2,3,5,4], which is continuous.


Example 3:

Input: nums = [1,10,100,1000]
Output: 3
Explanation: One possible solution is to:
- Change the second element to 2.
- Change the third element to 3.
- Change the fourth element to 4.
The resulting array is [1,2,3,4], which is continuous.


Constraints:

• 1 <= nums.length <= 105
• 1 <= nums[i] <= 109

## Solutions

Solution 1: Sorting + Deduplication + Binary Search

First, we sort the array and remove duplicates.

Then, we traverse the array, enumerating the current element $nums[i]$ as the minimum value of the consecutive array. We use binary search to find the first position $j$ that is greater than $nums[i] + n - 1$. Then, $j-i$ is the length of the consecutive array when the current element is the minimum value. We update the answer, i.e., $ans = \min(ans, n - (j - i))$.

Finally, we return $ans$.

The time complexity is $O(n \times \log n)$, and the space complexity is $O(\log n)$. Here, $n$ is the length of the array.

Solution 2: Sorting + Deduplication + Two Pointers

Similar to Solution 1, we first sort the array and remove duplicates.

Then, we traverse the array, enumerating the current element $nums[i]$ as the minimum value of the consecutive array. We use two pointers to find the first position $j$ that is greater than $nums[i] + n - 1$. Then, $j-i$ is the length of the consecutive array when the current element is the minimum value. We update the answer, i.e., $ans = \min(ans, n - (j - i))$.

Finally, we return $ans$.

The time complexity is $O(n \times \log n)$, and the space complexity is $O(\log n)$. Here, $n$ is the length of the array.

• class Solution {
public int minOperations(int[] nums) {
int n = nums.length;
Arrays.sort(nums);
int m = 1;
for (int i = 1; i < n; ++i) {
if (nums[i] != nums[i - 1]) {
nums[m++] = nums[i];
}
}
int ans = n;
for (int i = 0; i < m; ++i) {
int j = search(nums, nums[i] + n - 1, i, m);
ans = Math.min(ans, n - (j - i));
}
return ans;
}

private int search(int[] nums, int x, int left, int right) {
while (left < right) {
int mid = (left + right) >> 1;
if (nums[mid] > x) {
right = mid;
} else {
left = mid + 1;
}
}
return left;
}
}

• class Solution {
public:
int minOperations(vector<int>& nums) {
sort(nums.begin(), nums.end());
int m = unique(nums.begin(), nums.end()) - nums.begin();
int n = nums.size();
int ans = n;
for (int i = 0; i < m; ++i) {
int j = upper_bound(nums.begin() + i, nums.begin() + m, nums[i] + n - 1) - nums.begin();
ans = min(ans, n - (j - i));
}
return ans;
}
};

• class Solution:
def minOperations(self, nums: List[int]) -> int:
ans = n = len(nums)
nums = sorted(set(nums))
for i, v in enumerate(nums):
j = bisect_right(nums, v + n - 1)
ans = min(ans, n - (j - i))
return ans


• func minOperations(nums []int) int {
sort.Ints(nums)
n := len(nums)
m := 1
for i := 1; i < n; i++ {
if nums[i] != nums[i-1] {
nums[m] = nums[i]
m++
}
}
ans := n
for i := 0; i < m; i++ {
j := sort.Search(m, func(k int) bool { return nums[k] > nums[i]+n-1 })
ans = min(ans, n-(j-i))
}
return ans
}

• use std::collections::BTreeSet;

impl Solution {
pub fn min_operations(nums: Vec<i32>) -> i32 {
let n = nums.len();
let nums = nums.into_iter().collect::<BTreeSet<i32>>();

let m = nums.len();
let nums = nums.into_iter().collect::<Vec<i32>>();

let mut ans = n;

for i in 0..m {
let j = match nums.binary_search(&(nums[i] + (n as i32))) {
Ok(idx) => idx,
Err(idx) => idx,
};
ans = std::cmp::min(ans, n - (j - i));
}

ans as i32
}
}