# 1847. Closest Room

## Description

There is a hotel with n rooms. The rooms are represented by a 2D integer array rooms where rooms[i] = [roomIdi, sizei] denotes that there is a room with room number roomIdi and size equal to sizei. Each roomIdi is guaranteed to be unique.

You are also given k queries in a 2D array queries where queries[j] = [preferredj, minSizej]. The answer to the jth query is the room number id of a room such that:

• The room has a size of at least minSizej, and
• abs(id - preferredj) is minimized, where abs(x) is the absolute value of x.

If there is a tie in the absolute difference, then use the room with the smallest such id. If there is no such room, the answer is -1.

Return an array answer of length k where answer[j] contains the answer to the jth query.

Example 1:

Input: rooms = [[2,2],[1,2],[3,2]], queries = [[3,1],[3,3],[5,2]]
Output: [3,-1,3]
Explanation: The answers to the queries are as follows:
Query = [3,1]: Room number 3 is the closest as abs(3 - 3) = 0, and its size of 2 is at least 1. The answer is 3.
Query = [3,3]: There are no rooms with a size of at least 3, so the answer is -1.
Query = [5,2]: Room number 3 is the closest as abs(3 - 5) = 2, and its size of 2 is at least 2. The answer is 3.

Example 2:

Input: rooms = [[1,4],[2,3],[3,5],[4,1],[5,2]], queries = [[2,3],[2,4],[2,5]]
Output: [2,1,3]
Explanation: The answers to the queries are as follows:
Query = [2,3]: Room number 2 is the closest as abs(2 - 2) = 0, and its size of 3 is at least 3. The answer is 2.
Query = [2,4]: Room numbers 1 and 3 both have sizes of at least 4. The answer is 1 since it is smaller.
Query = [2,5]: Room number 3 is the only room with a size of at least 5. The answer is 3.

Constraints:

• n == rooms.length
• 1 <= n <= 105
• k == queries.length
• 1 <= k <= 104
• 1 <= roomIdi, preferredj <= 107
• 1 <= sizei, minSizej <= 107

## Solutions

Solution 1: Offline Query + Ordered Set + Binary Search

We notice that the order of queries does not affect the answer, and the problem involves the size relationship of room areas. Therefore, we can sort the queries in ascending order of minimum area, so that we can process each query from small to large. Also, we sort the rooms in ascending order of area.

Next, we create an ordered list and add all room numbers to the ordered list.

Then, we process each query from small to large. For each query, we first remove all rooms with an area less than or equal to the current query’s minimum area from the ordered list. Then, in the remaining rooms, we use binary search to find the room number closest to the current query. If there is no such room, we return $-1$.

The time complexity is $O(n \times \log n + k \times \log k)$, and the space complexity is $O(n + k)$. Where $n$ and $k$ are the number of rooms and queries, respectively.

• class Solution {
public int[] closestRoom(int[][] rooms, int[][] queries) {
int n = rooms.length;
int k = queries.length;
Arrays.sort(rooms, (a, b) -> a[1] - b[1]);
Integer[] idx = new Integer[k];
for (int i = 0; i < k; i++) {
idx[i] = i;
}
Arrays.sort(idx, (i, j) -> queries[i][1] - queries[j][1]);
int i = 0;
TreeMap<Integer, Integer> tm = new TreeMap<>();
for (int[] room : rooms) {
tm.merge(room[0], 1, Integer::sum);
}
int[] ans = new int[k];
Arrays.fill(ans, -1);
for (int j : idx) {
int prefer = queries[j][0], minSize = queries[j][1];
while (i < n && rooms[i][1] < minSize) {
if (tm.merge(rooms[i][0], -1, Integer::sum) == 0) {
tm.remove(rooms[i][0]);
}
++i;
}
if (i == n) {
break;
}
Integer p = tm.ceilingKey(prefer);
if (p != null) {
ans[j] = p;
}
p = tm.floorKey(prefer);
if (p != null && (ans[j] == -1 || ans[j] - prefer >= prefer - p)) {
ans[j] = p;
}
}
return ans;
}
}

• class Solution {
public:
vector<int> closestRoom(vector<vector<int>>& rooms, vector<vector<int>>& queries) {
int n = rooms.size();
int k = queries.size();
sort(rooms.begin(), rooms.end(), [](const vector<int>& a, const vector<int>& b) {
return a[1] < b[1];
});
vector<int> idx(k);
iota(idx.begin(), idx.end(), 0);
sort(idx.begin(), idx.end(), [&](int i, int j) {
return queries[i][1] < queries[j][1];
});
vector<int> ans(k, -1);
int i = 0;
multiset<int> s;
for (auto& room : rooms) {
s.insert(room[0]);
}
for (int j : idx) {
int prefer = queries[j][0], minSize = queries[j][1];
while (i < n && rooms[i][1] < minSize) {
s.erase(s.find(rooms[i][0]));
++i;
}
if (i == n) {
break;
}
auto it = s.lower_bound(prefer);
if (it != s.end()) {
ans[j] = *it;
}
if (it != s.begin()) {
--it;
if (ans[j] == -1 || abs(*it - prefer) <= abs(ans[j] - prefer)) {
ans[j] = *it;
}
}
}
return ans;
}
};

• from sortedcontainers import SortedList

class Solution:
def closestRoom(
self, rooms: List[List[int]], queries: List[List[int]]
) -> List[int]:
rooms.sort(key=lambda x: x[1])
k = len(queries)
idx = sorted(range(k), key=lambda i: queries[i][1])
ans = [-1] * k
i, n = 0, len(rooms)
sl = SortedList(x[0] for x in rooms)
for j in idx:
prefer, minSize = queries[j]
while i < n and rooms[i][1] < minSize:
sl.remove(rooms[i][0])
i += 1
if i == n:
break
p = sl.bisect_left(prefer)
if p < len(sl):
ans[j] = sl[p]
if p and (ans[j] == -1 or ans[j] - prefer >= prefer - sl[p - 1]):
ans[j] = sl[p - 1]
return ans


• func closestRoom(rooms [][]int, queries [][]int) []int {
n, k := len(rooms), len(queries)
sort.Slice(rooms, func(i, j int) bool { return rooms[i][1] < rooms[j][1] })
idx := make([]int, k)
ans := make([]int, k)
for i := range idx {
idx[i] = i
ans[i] = -1
}
sort.Slice(idx, func(i, j int) bool { return queries[idx[i]][1] < queries[idx[j]][1] })
rbt := redblacktree.NewWithIntComparator()
merge := func(rbt *redblacktree.Tree, key, value int) {
if v, ok := rbt.Get(key); ok {
nxt := v.(int) + value
if nxt == 0 {
rbt.Remove(key)
} else {
rbt.Put(key, nxt)
}
} else {
rbt.Put(key, value)
}
}
for _, room := range rooms {
merge(rbt, room[0], 1)
}
i := 0

for _, j := range idx {
prefer, minSize := queries[j][0], queries[j][1]
for i < n && rooms[i][1] < minSize {
merge(rbt, rooms[i][0], -1)
i++
}
if i == n {
break
}
c, _ := rbt.Ceiling(prefer)
f, _ := rbt.Floor(prefer)
if c != nil {
ans[j] = c.Key.(int)
}
if f != nil && (ans[j] == -1 || ans[j]-prefer >= prefer-f.Key.(int)) {
ans[j] = f.Key.(int)
}
}
return ans
}