# Question

Formatted question description: https://leetcode.ca/all/1694.html

```
1694. Reformat Phone Number
You are given a phone number as a string number. number consists of digits, spaces ' ', and/or dashes '-'.
You would like to reformat the phone number in a certain manner.
Firstly, remove all spaces and dashes.
Then, group the digits from left to right into blocks of length 3 until there are 4 or fewer digits.
The final digits are then grouped as follows:
2 digits: A single block of length 2.
3 digits: A single block of length 3.
4 digits: Two blocks of length 2 each.
The blocks are then joined by dashes. Notice that the reformatting process should never produce any blocks of length 1 and produce at most two blocks of length 2.
Return the phone number after formatting.
Example 1:
Input: number = "1-23-45 6"
Output: "123-456"
Explanation: The digits are "123456".
Step 1: There are more than 4 digits, so group the next 3 digits. The 1st block is "123".
Step 2: There are 3 digits remaining, so put them in a single block of length 3. The 2nd block is "456".
Joining the blocks gives "123-456".
Example 2:
Input: number = "123 4-567"
Output: "123-45-67"
Explanation: The digits are "1234567".
Step 1: There are more than 4 digits, so group the next 3 digits. The 1st block is "123".
Step 2: There are 4 digits left, so split them into two blocks of length 2. The blocks are "45" and "67".
Joining the blocks gives "123-45-67".
Example 3:
Input: number = "123 4-5678"
Output: "123-456-78"
Explanation: The digits are "12345678".
Step 1: The 1st block is "123".
Step 2: The 2nd block is "456".
Step 3: There are 2 digits left, so put them in a single block of length 2. The 3rd block is "78".
Joining the blocks gives "123-456-78".
Example 4:
Input: number = "12"
Output: "12"
Example 5:
Input: number = "--17-5 229 35-39475 "
Output: "175-229-353-94-75"
Constraints:
2 <= number.length <= 100
number consists of digits and the characters '-' and ' '.
There are at least two digits in number.
```

# Algorithm

The idea is to first take out all the numbers in it, and then follow every 3 with a’-‘. Take a final look, if the last character happens to be’-‘, remove it; if the penultimate character is’-‘, then swap the penultimate and third characters

# Code

Java

Java

```
class Solution {
public String reformatNumber(String number) {
StringBuffer digits = new StringBuffer();
int length = number.length();
for (int i = 0; i < length; i++) {
char c = number.charAt(i);
if (Character.isDigit(c))
digits.append(c);
}
int digitsCount = digits.length();
if (digitsCount <= 3)
return digits.toString();
if (digitsCount == 4)
return digits.substring(0, 2) + "-" + digits.substring(2);
int remainder = digitsCount % 3;
if (remainder == 1)
remainder += 3;
int firstPartLength = digitsCount - remainder;
StringBuffer sb = new StringBuffer();
for (int i = 0; i < firstPartLength; i += 3) {
if (i > 0)
sb.append('-');
sb.append(digits.charAt(i));
sb.append(digits.charAt(i + 1));
sb.append(digits.charAt(i + 2));
}
if (remainder > 0) {
sb.append('-');
if (remainder == 4) {
sb.append(digits.substring(firstPartLength, firstPartLength + 2));
sb.append('-');
sb.append(digits.substring(firstPartLength + 2));
} else
sb.append(digits.substring(firstPartLength));
}
return sb.toString();
}
}
```