## Description

Formatted question description: https://leetcode.ca/all/1635.html

LeetCode Problem 1635.

Table: Drivers

+-------------+---------+
| Column Name | Type    |
+-------------+---------+
| driver_id   | int     |
| join_date   | date    |
+-------------+---------+
driver_id is the primary key for this table.
Each row of this table contains the driver's ID and the date they joined the Hopper company.

Table: Rides

+--------------+---------+
| Column Name  | Type    |
+--------------+---------+
| ride_id      | int     |
| user_id      | int     |
| requested_at | date    |
+--------------+---------+
ride_id is the primary key for this table.
Each row of this table contains the ID of a ride, the user's ID that requested it, and the day they requested it.
There may be some ride requests in this table that were not accepted.

Table: AcceptedRides

+---------------+---------+
| Column Name   | Type    |
+---------------+---------+
| ride_id       | int     |
| driver_id     | int     |
| ride_distance | int     |
| ride_duration | int     |
+---------------+---------+
ride_id is the primary key for this table.
Each row of this table contains some information about an accepted ride.
It is guaranteed that each accepted ride exists in the Rides table.

Write an SQL query to report the following statistics for each month of 2020:

• The number of drivers currently with the Hopper company by the end of the month (active_drivers).
• The number of accepted rides in that month (accepted_rides).

Return the result table ordered by month in ascending order, where month is the month’s number (January is 1, February is 2, etc.).

The query result format is in the following example.

Drivers table:
+-----------+------------+
| driver_id | join_date  |
+-----------+------------+
| 10        | 2019-12-10 |
| 8         | 2020-1-13  |
| 5         | 2020-2-16  |
| 7         | 2020-3-8   |
| 4         | 2020-5-17  |
| 1         | 2020-10-24 |
| 6         | 2021-1-5   |
+-----------+------------+

Rides table:
+---------+---------+--------------+
| ride_id | user_id | requested_at |
+---------+---------+--------------+
| 6       | 75      | 2019-12-9    |
| 1       | 54      | 2020-2-9     |
| 10      | 63      | 2020-3-4     |
| 19      | 39      | 2020-4-6     |
| 3       | 41      | 2020-6-3     |
| 13      | 52      | 2020-6-22    |
| 7       | 69      | 2020-7-16    |
| 17      | 70      | 2020-8-25    |
| 20      | 81      | 2020-11-2    |
| 5       | 57      | 2020-11-9    |
| 2       | 42      | 2020-12-9    |
| 11      | 68      | 2021-1-11    |
| 15      | 32      | 2021-1-17    |
| 12      | 11      | 2021-1-19    |
| 14      | 18      | 2021-1-27    |
+---------+---------+--------------+

AcceptedRides table:
+---------+-----------+---------------+---------------+
| ride_id | driver_id | ride_distance | ride_duration |
+---------+-----------+---------------+---------------+
| 10      | 10        | 63            | 38            |
| 13      | 10        | 73            | 96            |
| 7       | 8         | 100           | 28            |
| 17      | 7         | 119           | 68            |
| 20      | 1         | 121           | 92            |
| 5       | 7         | 42            | 101           |
| 2       | 4         | 6             | 38            |
| 11      | 8         | 37            | 43            |
| 15      | 8         | 108           | 82            |
| 12      | 8         | 38            | 34            |
| 14      | 1         | 90            | 74            |
+---------+-----------+---------------+---------------+

Result table:
+-------+----------------+----------------+
| month | active_drivers | accepted_rides |
+-------+----------------+----------------+
| 1     | 2              | 0              |
| 2     | 3              | 0              |
| 3     | 4              | 1              |
| 4     | 4              | 0              |
| 5     | 5              | 0              |
| 6     | 5              | 1              |
| 7     | 5              | 1              |
| 8     | 5              | 1              |
| 9     | 5              | 0              |
| 10    | 6              | 0              |
| 11    | 6              | 2              |
| 12    | 6              | 1              |
+-------+----------------+----------------+

By the end of January --> two active drivers (10, 8) and no accepted rides.
By the end of February --> three active drivers (10, 8, 5) and no accepted rides.
By the end of March --> four active drivers (10, 8, 5, 7) and one accepted ride (10).
By the end of April --> four active drivers (10, 8, 5, 7) and no accepted rides.
By the end of May --> five active drivers (10, 8, 5, 7, 4) and no accepted rides.
By the end of June --> five active drivers (10, 8, 5, 7, 4) and one accepted ride (13).
By the end of July --> five active drivers (10, 8, 5, 7, 4) and one accepted ride (7).
By the end of August --> five active drivers (10, 8, 5, 7, 4) and one accepted ride (17).
By the end of Septemeber --> five active drivers (10, 8, 5, 7, 4) and no accepted rides.
By the end of October --> six active drivers (10, 8, 5, 7, 4, 1) and no accepted rides.
By the end of November --> six active drivers (10, 8, 5, 7, 4, 1) and two accepted rides (20, 5).
By the end of December --> six active drivers (10, 8, 5, 7, 4, 1) and one accepted ride (2).

## Solution

First, generate the table of months A and use A to left join Drivers to obtain the number of active drivers in each month as B.

Next, obtain the number of rides in each month as C.

Finally, join B and C.

# Write your MySQL query statement below
with recursive A as (select 1 month union all select month + 1 from A where month <= 11)
select B.month, B.active_drivers, ifnull(C.accepted_rides, 0) as accepted_rides
from (
select month, ifnull(count(driver_id), 0) as active_drivers
from A left join Drivers on 202000 + month >= date_format(join_date, '%Y%m')
group by month
) B
left join (
select month(requested_at) as month, count(*) as accepted_rides
from Rides join AcceptedRides using(ride_id)
where year(requested_at) = 2020
group by month(requested_at)
) C
using(month)
group by month;

Or,

select t.month,
count(distinct driver_id) active_drivers,
count(distinct rides.ride_id) accepted_rides
from
((select 1 as month)
union (select 2 as month)
union (select 3 as month)
union (select 4 as month)
union (select 5 as month)
union (select 6 as month)
union (select 7 as month)
union (select 8 as month)
union (select 9 as month)
union (select 10 as month)
union (select 11 as month)
union (select 12 as month)) t
left join
(select driver_id,
(case when year(join_date) = 2019 then '1' else month(join_date) end) month
from Drivers
where year(join_date) <= 2020) d
on d.month <= t.month
left join
(select month(requested_at) as month, a.ride_id
from AcceptedRides a
join Rides r
on r.ride_id = a.ride_id
where year(requested_at) = 2020) rides
on t.month = rides.month
group by t.month
order by t.month