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Formatted question description: https://leetcode.ca/all/1475.html

# 1475. Final Prices With a Special Discount in a Shop (Easy)

Given the array prices where prices[i] is the price of the ith item in a shop. There is a special discount for items in the shop, if you buy the ith item, then you will receive a discount equivalent to prices[j] where j is the minimum index such that j > i and prices[j] <= prices[i], otherwise, you will not receive any discount at all.

Return an array where the ith element is the final price you will pay for the ith item of the shop considering the special discount.

Example 1:

Input: prices = [8,4,6,2,3]
Output: [4,2,4,2,3]
Explanation:
For item 0 with price=8 you will receive a discount equivalent to prices=4, therefore, the final price you will pay is 8 - 4 = 4.
For item 1 with price=4 you will receive a discount equivalent to prices=2, therefore, the final price you will pay is 4 - 2 = 2.
For item 2 with price=6 you will receive a discount equivalent to prices=2, therefore, the final price you will pay is 6 - 2 = 4.
For items 3 and 4 you will not receive any discount at all.


Example 2:

Input: prices = [1,2,3,4,5]
Output: [1,2,3,4,5]
Explanation: In this case, for all items, you will not receive any discount at all.


Example 3:

Input: prices = [10,1,1,6]
Output: [9,0,1,6]


Constraints:

• 1 <= prices.length <= 500
• 1 <= prices[i] <= 10^3

Related Topics:
Array

## Solution 1. Monotonic Stack

Similar idea as in 496. Next Greater Element I (Easy).

// OJ: https://leetcode.com/problems/final-prices-with-a-special-discount-in-a-shop/
// Time: O(N)
// Space: O(N)
class Solution {
public:
vector<int> finalPrices(vector<int>& A) {
stack<int> s;
int N = A.size();
for (int i = 0; i < N; ++i) {
while (s.size() && A[s.top()] >= A[i]) {
A[s.top()] -= A[i];
s.pop();
}
s.push(i);
}
return A;
}
};

• class Solution {
public int[] finalPrices(int[] prices) {
int length = prices.length;
int[] finalPrices = new int[length];
for (int i = 0; i < length; i++)
finalPrices[i] = prices[i];
for (int i = 0; i < length; i++) {
for (int j = i + 1; j < length; j++) {
if (prices[j] <= prices[i]) {
finalPrices[i] -= prices[j];
break;
}
}
}
return finalPrices;
}
}

############

class Solution {
public int[] finalPrices(int[] prices) {
Deque<Integer> stk = new ArrayDeque<>();
int n = prices.length;
int[] ans = new int[n];
for (int i = 0; i < n; ++i) {
ans[i] = prices[i];
while (!stk.isEmpty() && prices[stk.peek()] >= prices[i]) {
ans[stk.pop()] -= prices[i];
}
stk.push(i);
}
return ans;
}
}

• // OJ: https://leetcode.com/problems/final-prices-with-a-special-discount-in-a-shop/
// Time: O(N)
// Space: O(N)
class Solution {
public:
vector<int> finalPrices(vector<int>& A) {
stack<int> s;
int N = A.size();
for (int i = 0; i < N; ++i) {
while (s.size() && A[s.top()] >= A[i]) {
A[s.top()] -= A[i];
s.pop();
}
s.push(i);
}
return A;
}
};

• class Solution:
def finalPrices(self, prices: List[int]) -> List[int]:
stk = []
ans = prices[:]
for i, v in enumerate(prices):
while stk and prices[stk[-1]] >= v:
ans[stk.pop()] -= v
stk.append(i)
return ans


• func finalPrices(prices []int) []int {
var stk []int
n := len(prices)
ans := make([]int, n)
for i, v := range prices {
ans[i] = v
for len(stk) > 0 && prices[stk[len(stk)-1]] >= v {
ans[stk[len(stk)-1]] -= v
stk = stk[:len(stk)-1]
}
stk = append(stk, i)
}
return ans
}

• function finalPrices(prices: number[]): number[] {
const n = prices.length;
const res = new Array(n);
const stack = [];
for (let i = n - 1; i >= 0; i--) {
const price = prices[i];
while (stack.length !== 0 && stack[stack.length - 1] > price) {
stack.pop();
}
res[i] = price - (stack[stack.length - 1] ?? 0);
stack.push(price);
}
return res;
}


• impl Solution {
pub fn final_prices(prices: Vec<i32>) -> Vec<i32> {
let n = prices.len();
let mut stack = Vec::new();
let mut res = vec![0; n];
for i in (0..n).rev() {
let price = prices[i];
while !stack.is_empty() && *stack.last().unwrap() > price {
stack.pop();
}
res[i] = price - stack.last().unwrap_or(&0);
stack.push(price);
}
res
}
}


• class Solution {
/**
* @param Integer[] $prices * @return Integer[] */ function finalPrices($prices) {
for ($i = 0;$i < count($prices);$i++) {
for ($j =$i + 1; $j < count($prices); $j++) { if ($prices[$i] >=$prices[$j]) {$prices[$i] -=$prices[$j]; break; } } } return$prices;
}
}

• /**
* @param {number[]} prices
* @return {number[]}
*/
var finalPrices = function (prices) {
for (let i = 0; i < prices.length; i++) {
for (let j = i + 1; j < prices.length; j++) {
if (prices[i] >= prices[j]) {
prices[i] -= prices[j];
break;
}
}
}
return prices;
};