159 Longest Substring with At Most Two Distinct Characters
Given a string s , find the length of the longest substring t that contains at most 2 distinct characters.
Explanation: tis "ece" which its length is 3.
Explanation: tis "aabbb" which its length is 5.
Use HashMap to do it, HashMap records the number of occurrences of each character,
Then if the number of mappings in HashMap exceeds two, one mapping needs to be deleted here.
For example, there are 2 e in the HashMap and 1 c in the HashMap. At this time, b is also stored in the HashMap, then there are three pairs of mappings. At this time, left is 0, and the mapping value is reduced by 1. There is one more e, do not delete it, and left is incremented by 1. At this time, there are three pairs of mappings in the HashMap. At this time, left is 1, then c is reached, and the mapping value is reduced by 1. At this time, e is mapped to 0, e is deleted from the HashMap, left is incremented by 1, and the result is updated to i - left + 1,